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Guatemala

Republic of Guatemala
República de Guatemala  (Spanish)
Motto: "País de la Eterna Primavera"
"Land of the Eternal Spring"[1]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Guatemala
National anthem of Guatemala
Capital
and largest city
Guatemala City
14°38′N 90°30′W﻿ / ﻿14.633°N 90.5°W
Official languages Spanish
Demonym Guatemalan
Government Unitary presidential Constitutional republic
-  President Otto Pérez Molina
-  Vice President Roxana Baldetti
Independence
-  from Spain September 15, 1821
Area
-  Total 108,889 km2 (107th)
42,042 sq mi
-  Water (%) 0.4
Population
-  July 2011 estimate 13,824,463 (69th)
-  July 2007 census 12,728,111
-  Density 129/km2 (85th)
348.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
-  Total $73.022 billion[2] - Per capita$4,965[2]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
-  Total $46.383 billion[2] - Per capita$3,154[2]
Gini (2007)55.1
high
HDI (2011) 0.574[3]
medium · 131st
Currency Quetzal (GTQ)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +502
Internet TLD .gt

Guatemala is a country in Central America. It is known for its mixed culture, a product of both Mayan and Spanish cultures, from the colonial period. Guatemala is known for its ever-changing weather, a product of the mountain range which crosses the center of the country. Guatemala has many languages, a total of 23.

The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City. The country´s current president is Otto Perez Molina, leader of The Patriotic Party. The country suffers from extreme poverty, corruption, drug traffication, and discrimination.

Population

It is the country with the largest population in Central America. Its neighbors are the countries Belize, Mexico, El Salvador and Honduras. More than fourteen million people live in the 22 Guatemalan departments. Most of the population is made up of mestizo (mixed race) people, who are a combination of Native and European people. The population of the Mestizo people make up 42% of the population. The native Mayan people make up for 39% of the total population, while 20% are direct descendants of Spanish and German people.

Trivia

Guatemala is famous for its natural beauty, and is a popular tourist destination.

Most people believe that Guatemala City was the first choice, but the capital was moved several times. This was caused by the natural disasters. The first city was destroyed when the volcano Volcan de Agua erupted, forcing the move to what today is called Antigua Guatemala. This was destroyed by earthquakes. Finally, the capital was moved to what we know as Guatemala City.

References

1. "Guatemala". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
2. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2011.