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The iPod line from October 2012. From left to right: iPod Shuffle, iPod Nano, iPod Classic, iPod Touch.

The iPod is a range of portable music players designed by the company Apple Inc. in California, but made mostly by the Chinese. The iPod comes with computer cables so that the user can put music from their computer onto the iPod, and play music from it using headphones. Newer iPods allow a user to play games, view pictures, watch videos and use the internet, too.

The first iPod was simply named the iPod. This was released in 2001. Apple still makes iPods like this today, but they are now called "iPod classic".

Apple makes a smaller iPod called the iPod nano. It is much smaller than the iPod, but does not hold as many songs. It uses flash memory, a special kind of memory for very small electronics, instead of a hard drive. It replaced a version of the iPod called the iPod mini.

Another type of iPod, called the iPod shuffle, is very small, and it uses flash memory, like the iPod nano but it has no screen. It is the least expensive iPod.

The most expensive iPod is called the iPod touch. It has a touch screen, like the iPhone. The first iPod touch was released in 2007.

iPods often contain songs downloaded from an online music store, using a program called iTunes. (The name of Apple's music and video store is the iTunes Store.) Songs are sold in AAC file format, not MP3 or WMA. These are popular formats for compressing (making smaller) music until it does not take up much space and can easily be put on a media player such as the iPod.

The App Store is an online shop that is run by Apple Inc. where people can buy software for their iPhone or iPod Touch. It opened on July 11, 2008. Over 100,000 applications (or apps for short) are available for people to buy. Some apps are available for free.

Models

Model Generation Image Storage space Changes Connection Original release date Pricing (USD) Minimum OS to sync
iPod classic first Ipod 1G.png 5, 10 GB First model, with a scroll wheel that actually moved. 10 GB model made later. FireWire 23 October 2001 $399, $499
(5 GB later $299)
Mac: 9/10.0/10.1
second second generation iPod 10, 20 GB Touch-sensitive wheel. FireWire port has a cover. Hold switch has changed. Works with Windows too, by using the Musicmatch program. FireWire 17 July 2002 $399, $499 Mac: 10.1
Win: XP
third third generation iPod 10, 15, 20, 30, 40 GB First complete redesign. Everything works from the top-screen and the case is slimmer. Musicmatch program is replaced by iTunes 4.7 for Windows. FireWire (USB for syncing only) 28 April 2003 $299, $399, $499 Mac: 10.2
Win: XP
fourth IPod4G.jpg 20, 40 GB Has a Click Wheel like the iPod mini. FireWire or USB 19 July 2004 $299, $399 Mac: 10.3
Win: XP
fourth (photo) (color) fourth generation iPod photo  : 30, 40, 60 GB
color: 20, 60 GB
Premium version of 4G iPod with colour screen and picture viewing. Later became part of the main iPod section again. FireWire or USB October 2004 photo: $499, $599
(later $349, $449)
color: $299, $399
Mac: 10.3
Win: XP
fifth fifth generation iPod 30, 60, 80 GB Second full redesign with a slimmer case, and larger screen with video playback. Available in black or white. USB (FireWire for battery charging only) 12 October 2005 $299, $399
(later $249, $349)
Mac: 10.4
Win: XP/Vista
sixth sixth generation iPod shuffle 80, 160 GB First one to have "Classic" at the end of its name. New way to control it. Has an anodized aluminium front plate. Silver replaces white. USB (FireWire for charging only) 5 September 2007 $249, $349 Mac: 10.4/10.5/10.6/10.7/Mac OS X v10.8/10.8
Win: XP/Vista/7
iPod mini (no longer made) first Green ipodmini 1stgen.jpg 4 GB New smaller model, available in 5 colours. Introduced the "Click Wheel". USB or FireWire 6 January 2004 $249 Mac: 10.3
Win: XP
second Green ipodmini 2ndgen.jpg 4, 6 GB Brighter colours available, with a battery that last longer. Click Wheel letters match the colour of the case. Gold colour not made any more. Later replaced by iPod nano. USB or FireWire 22 February 2005 $199, $249 Mac: 10.3/10.4
Win: XP
iPod nano first first generation iPod nano 1, 2, 4 GB Replaced iPod mini. Available in black or white. Uses flash memory. Colour screen for picture viewing. 1 GB version made later. USB (FireWire for battery charging only) 7 September 2005 $149, $199, $249 Mac: 10.4
Win: 2000
second 4 GB blue iPod nano 2, 4, 8 GB Anodized aluminum casing and 6 colours available. USB (FireWire for battery charging only) 12 September 2006 $149, $199, $249 Mac: 10.4
Win: XP/Vista
third 4 GB third iPod nano 4, 8 GB 2" QVGA screen. Colours changed with chrome made again. New way to control it. Can use with videos. USB (FireWire for battery charging only) 5 September 2007 $149, $199 Mac: 10.4/10.5
Win: XP/Vista
fourth iPod Nano 4G in Black 8, 16 GB Changed back to tall way-round. All-aluminum case with 9 colour choices. Has an accelerometer to allow shake and horizontal viewing. 4GB model available only in a limited number of places. USB 9 September 2008 $149, $199 Mac: 10.5
Win: XP/Vista
fifth IPod-Nano-5G-front-back.png 8, 16 GB Has larger screen and smoother case than iPod nano G4. Built-in video camera, microphone, and FM tuner. USB 9 September 2009 $149,$179 Mac:10.5/10.6
Win:XP/Vista/7

sixth 6G IPod Nano.svg 2, 4 GB Reverted to small iPod Shuffle design with a 1.8" multi-touchscreen all around the body. Removes video recording, video playback, speakers, and microphone. USB 1 September 2010 $99 Mac:10.6/10.7/10.8
Win:7

seventh 7th Generation iPod Nano.svg 2, 4 GB Reverted to iPod Shuffle and iPod Touch crossover with Video Playback re-added and Bluetooth added. USB 12 September 2012 $129 Mac:10.7/10.8
Win:Windows 7/Windows 8

iPod shuffle first first generation iPod shuffle 512 MB, 1 GB New entry-level (cheapest) model. Uses flash memory and has no screen. USB
(no adaptor required)
11 January 2005 $99, $149
(later $69, $99)
Mac: 10.3/10.4
Win: XP
second second generation iPod shuffle 1 GB Smaller clip design with anodized aluminium case. 4 colour options added later. Colours were later refreshed. USB 12 September 2006 $79 Mac: 10.4
Win: XP/Vista
third IPod shuffle 3G.png 4 GB Reverted back to first generation with controls moved to right headphone cable. Two colours, and has VoiceOver. 3 more colors added later. USB 11 March 2009 $79 Mac: 10.5/10.6
Win: XP/Vista/7
fourth 5G IPod Shuffle.svg 4 GB Reverted back to second generation Shuffle with controls returned to the body of the iPod. Features VoiceOver. USB 1 September 2010 $79 Mac: 10.6/10.7/10.8
iPod touch first IPod Touch 1G.svg 8, 16, 32 (released later) GB With Safari internet browser, Multi-touch, Wi-Fi, wireless access to the iTunes Store and YouTube. USB (FireWire for battery charging only) 5 September 2007 (32GB February 2008) $299, $399, $499 Mac: 10.4/10.5
Win: XP/Vista
second IPod touch 2G.png 8, 32, 64  GB New tapered chrome back with Nike+ function, volume buttons, and built-in speaker added. USB 9 September 2008 $299, $399, $499 Mac: 10.5
Win: XP/Windows Vista
third IPod touch 2G.png 32, 64  GB Features Voice Control from iPhone 3GS. USB 9 September 2009 $299, $399, $499 Mac: 10.6
Win: XP/Vista/7
fourth 4th Generation iPod touch.png 8, 32, 64 GB New design from iPhone 4. Features front and back video cameras. USB 1 September 2010 $299, $399, $499 Mac: 10.6/10.7/10.8
Win: 7
fifth 5th Generation iPod Touch.svg 32, 64 GB Features larger 4" screen from iPhone 5. First iPod Touch available in several different colors. USB 12 September 2012 $299, $399, $499 Mac: 10.7/10.8
Win:7/8
(PRODUCT)RED 2G iPod nano.

Timeline

Timeline of iPod models and related products

See also: Timeline of full-sized iPod models and Timeline of compact iPod models

<timeline> DateFormat = mm/dd/yyyy Define $now = 04/07/2017

Define $later = 10/07/2017 Period = from:10/15/2001 till:$later Define $skip = at:end # Force a blank line Define $dayunknown = 15 # what day to use if it's actually not known ImageSize= width:900 height:auto barincrement:20 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal PlotArea = right:1 left:1 bottom:130 top:1 Legend = orientation:vertical position:bottom columns:4

Colors =

    id:bg          value:white
    id:lightline   value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9)
    id:lighttext   value:rgb(0.5,0.5,0.5)
    id:server      value:rgb(0.8,0.8,0.9)
    id:gen1        value:rgb(0.95,0.95,1)
    id:gen2        value:rgb(0.9,0.9,1)
    id:gen3        value:rgb(0.85,0.85,1)
    id:gen4        value:rgb(0.8,0.8,1)
    id:photo       value:rgb(0.775,0.755,1)
    id:gen5        value:rgb(0.75,0.75,1)
    id:classic     value:rgb(0.7,0.7,1)
    id:gen7        value:rgb(0.65,0.65,1) Legend:iPod_Classic
    id:mini        value:rgb(0.9,1,0.8)
    id:mini2       value:rgb(0.8,1,0.8) Legend:iPod_Mini
    id:nano        value:rgb(0.8,0.9,0.8)
    id:nano2       value:rgb(0.7,0.9,0.8)
    id:nano3       value:rgb(0.6,0.9,0.8)
    id:nano4       value:rgb(0.5,0.9,0.8)
    id:nano5       value:rgb(0.4,0.9,0.8)
    id:nano6       value:rgb(0.3,0.9,0.8)
    id:nano7       value:rgb(0.2,0.9,0.8) Legend:iPod_Nano
    id:shuffle     value:rgb(1,0.9,0.4)
    id:shuffle2    value:rgb(1,0.8,0.4)
    id:shuffle3    value:rgb(1,0.7,0.4)
    id:shuffle4    value:rgb(1,0.6,0.4)
    id:shuffle5    value:rgb(1,0.5,0.4) Legend:iPod_Shuffle
    id:touch1      value:rgb(1,1,0.9)
    id:touch2      value:rgb(1,1,0.8)
    id:touch3      value:rgb(1,1,0.7)  
    id:touch4      value:rgb(1,1,0.6)
    id:touch5      value:rgb(1,1,0.5)
    id:touch6      value:rgb(1,1,0.5) Legend:iPod_Touch
    id:phone       value:rgb(0.9,1,0.6)
    id:phone2      value:rgb(0.8,1,0.6)
    id:phone3      value:rgb(0.7,1,0.6)
    id:phone4      value:rgb(0.6,1,0.6)
    id:phone4s     value:rgb(0.5,1,0.6)
    id:phone5      value:rgb(0.4,1,0.6)
    id:phone5s     value:rgb(0.3,1,0.6) Legend:iPhone
    id:phone5c     value:rgb(0.35,1,0.6)
    id:pad         value:rgb(0.9,0.7,0.9)
    id:pad2        value:rgb(0.9,0.7,0.8)
    id:pad3        value:rgb(0.9,0.7,0.7)
    id:pad4        value:rgb(0.9,0.7,0.6)
    id:padair      value:rgb(0.9,0.7,0.5) Legend:iPad
    id:padmini1    value:rgb(0.8,0.7,0.9)
    id:padmini2    value:rgb(0.8,0.7,0.8) Legend:iPad_Mini
    id:tv          value:rgb(0.9,0.5,0.8)
    id:tv2         value:rgb(0.8,0.5,0.8)
    id:tv3         value:rgb(0.7,0.5,0.8) Legend:Apple_TV
    id:current     value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9) Legend:Still_produced

BackgroundColors = canvas:bg ScaleMajor = gridcolor:lighttext unit:year increment:1 start:01/01/2002 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightline unit:month increment:1 start:11/01/2001

BarData =

 barset:shuffle
 barset:minano
 barset:classic
 barset:touch
 barset:phone
 barset:pad
 barset:padmini
 barset:tv

PlotData=

 width:15 textcolor:black shift:(5,-5) anchor:from fontsize:s
 barset:shuffle
   color:shuffle  from:01/11/2005 till:09/12/2006 text:"Shuffle 1G"
 barset:break
   color:shuffle2 from:09/12/2006 till:09/09/2009 text:"Shuffle 2G"
   color:shuffle3 from:03/11/2009 till:09/09/2010 text:"Shuffle 3G"
 barset:break
   $skip
   color:shuffle4 from:09/09/2010 till:$now       text:"Shuffle 4G"
 barset:break
   $skip
   color:current  from:$now till:end
 barset:minano
   color:mini     from:01/06/2004 till:02/23/2005 text:"Mini 1G"
 barset:break
   color:mini2    from:02/23/2005 till:09/07/2005 text:"Mini 2G"
 barset:break
   color:nano     from:09/07/2005 till:09/12/2006 text:"Nano 1G"
 barset:break
   color:nano2    from:09/12/2006 till:09/05/2007 text:"Nano 2G"
 barset:break
   color:nano3    from:09/05/2007 till:09/09/2008 text:"Nano 3G"
 barset:break
   color:nano4    from:09/09/2008 till:09/09/2009 text:"Nano 4G"
 barset:break
   color:nano5    from:09/09/2009 till:09/01/2010 text:"Nano 5G"
 barset:break
   color:nano6    from:09/01/2010 till:10/12/2012 text:"Nano 6G"
 barset:break
   color:nano7    from:10/12/2012 till:$now       text:"Nano 7G"
 barset:break
   color:current  from:$now                       till:end
 barset:classic
   color:gen1     from:10/23/2001 till:04/28/2003 text:"Classic 1G"
   color:gen2     from:07/17/2002 till:04/28/2003 text:"Classic 2G"
 barset:break
   color:gen3     from:04/28/2003 till:07/19/2004 text:"Classic 3G"
   $skip
 barset:break
   color:gen4     from:07/19/2004 till:06/28/2005 text:"Classic 4G"
   color:photo    from:10/26/2004 till:06/28/2005 text:"Photo"
 barset:break
   $skip
   color:photo    from:06/28/2005 till:10/12/2005 text:"Color"
 barset:break
   color:gen5     from:10/12/2005 till:09/05/2007 text:"Classic 5G"
   $skip
 barset:break
   color:classic  from:09/05/2007 till:$now       text:"Classic 6G"
   $skip
 barset:break
   color:current  from:$now till:end
 barset:touch
   color:touch1   from:09/14/2007 till:09/09/2008 text:"Touch 1G"
 barset:break
   color:touch2   from:09/09/2008 till:09/09/2010 text:"Touch 2G"
   color:touch3   from:09/09/2009 till:09/09/2010 text:"Touch 3G"
 barset:break
   $skip
   color:touch4   from:09/09/2010 till:05/30/2013 text:"Touch 4G"
   color:touch5   from:10/12/2012 till:$now       text:"Touch 5G"
 barset:break
   $skip
   $skip
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
 barset:phone
   color:phone    from:06/29/2007 till:07/11/2008 text:"iPhone 1G"
 barset:break
   color:phone2   from:07/11/2008 till:06/24/2010 text:"iPhone 3G"
 barset:break
   color:phone3   from:06/19/2009 till:09/12/2012 text:"iPhone 3GS"
   color:phone4   from:06/24/2010 till:09/10/2013 text:"iPhone 4"
   color:phone4s  from:10/12/2011 till:$now       text:"iPhone 4S"
   color:phone5   from:09/21/2012 till:09/10/2013 text:"iPhone 5"
   color:phone5s  from:09/20/2013 till:$now       text:"iPhone 5S"
 barset:break
   $skip
   $skip
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
   color:phone5c  from:09/20/2013 till:$now       text:"iPhone 5C"
 barset:break
   $skip
   $skip
   $skip
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
 barset:pad
   color:pad      from:04/03/2010 till:03/11/2011 text:"iPad (1st)"
 barset:break
   color:pad2     from:03/11/2011 till:03/18/2014 text:"iPad 2"
   color:pad3     from:03/16/2012 till:10/23/2012 text:"iPad (3rd)"
 barset:break
   $skip
   color:pad4     from:11/02/2012 till:10/22/2013 text:"iPad (4th)"
 barset:break
   $skip
   color:padair   from:11/01/2013 till:$now       text:"iPad Air"
 barset:break
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
 barset:padmini
   color:padmini1  from:11/02/2012 till:$now text:"iPad Mini (1st)"
 barset:break
   color:padmini2  from:11/12/2013 till:$now text:"iPad Mini (2nd)"
 barset:break
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
   color:current  from:$now       till:end
 barset:tv
   color:tv       from:03/29/2007 till:09/09/2010 text:"Apple TV 1G"
 barset:break
   color:tv2      from:09/09/2010 till:03/07/2012 text:"Apple TV 2G"
 barset:break
   color:tv3      from:03/07/2012 till:$now       text:"Apple TV 3G"
 barset:break
   color:current  from:$now       till:end


</timeline>
Sources: Apple press release library,[1] Mactracker Apple Inc. model database[2]

References

  1. Apple Inc., Apple press release library, Retrieved September 19, 2007.
  2. Mactracker (mactracker.ca), Apple Inc. model database, version as of July 26, 2007.

Other websites