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|State of Nevada|
Nickname(s): Silver State, Sagebrush State,|
Battle Born State (official)
|Motto(s): All for our country|
|Largest city||Las Vegas|
110,567 sq mi |
|- Width||322 miles (519 km)|
|- Length||490 miles (788 km)|
|- % water||0.7|
|- Latitude||35°N to 42°N|
|- Longitude||114°W to 120°W|
|Number of people||Ranked 35th|
18.21/sq mi (7.03/km2)|
|- Average income||$46,984 (16th)|
|Height above sea level|
|- Highest point||
13,140 ft (4,005 m)
|- Average||5,499 ft (1,676 m)|
|- Lowest point||
479 ft (146 m)
|Became part of the U.S.||October 31, 1864 (36th)|
|Governor||Brian Sandoval (R)|
Harry Reid (D)|
Dean Heller (R)
|- most of state||Pacific: UTC-8/-7 (DST)|
|- West Wendover||Mountain: UTC-7/-6 (DST)|
The Mexican-American Conflict
Fighting between the United States and Mexico started. They fought over what was to become the Southwestern United States and who could own this land. This was called the Mexican-American War. The war ended in an American victory in 1848. Nevada later became an American territory in 1861. It was called the "Nevada Territory". This was not all of Nevada as it is today. The eastern part of Nevada was part of "Utah Territory" and the southern part was part of "New Mexico". In 1859 in the Comstock Lode, gold and silver were first discovered. This started a huge growth in mining in the state which Nevada is known for.
On October 31, 1864, now celebrated as "Nevada Day", Nevada was made the 36th state in the United States. It was given the distinct shape resembling a rectangle with a triangle. It was named Nevada meaning "snowy land" in Spanish, because it was snowy in the North. Later, on May 5, 1866, Nevada got its current borders because the Pah-Ute County in Arizona was taken as part of Nevada. It is now Clark County, Nevada. It was also agreed upon that the western part of Utah would become Eastern Nevada.
Tourism is very important to the economy of Nevada. Many people visit Las Vegas, which has many casinos and resorts. There is not as much farming as there is in some other states, because Nevada is so dry. However, mining is big in Nevada. More gold is mined in Nevada than in any other state.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved 2006-11-6.
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