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Video games usually come on CDs, DVDs or digital download, but many games used to come on cartridges. The device used to play a video game at home is called a console. There have been many types of consoles and home computers used to play video games. Some of the first were the Atari 2600, the Sega Master System and Nintendo Entertainment System in the 1980s. Newer video game consoles are the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Wii. The best selling video game console of all time is the PlayStation 2, made by Sony.
People can also use PCs to play games, which are sometimes called PC games. The older consoles do not have new games developed for them often, although console games are emulated for PCs (see emulator). This means that new computers can play many old console games along with games made just for new computers. Older games are often more popular emulated than when they were first on sale, because of the ease of download.
People can play portable video games anywhere. Mobile devices (running operating systems such as iOS or Android) also can download games, making them portable gaming powerhouses. More recently mobile emulators have become available as apps, so cell phones can play games from a lot of consoles.
Competitions of video game players are held. They are called electronic sports.
Current generation consoles
- Microsoft's Xbox 360 came out in November 2005. It is the new version of the Xbox. It offers a better online experience and graphics than its predecessor, as well as wireless controllers. Like the original, it also allows people to put music from an MP3 player or other sources onto the system. It was the first 7th generation console to come out.
- Sony's PlayStation 3 (PS3) came out in October of 2006 (It was released in January 2007 in Europe). It is the newest of the PlayStation game consoles. It also has better graphics and online gameplay. Like the PSP, the PS3 can play movies, music, and browse the internet.
- Nintendo's new console, the Wii, was also released in November 2006. The Wii does not have high-definition graphics, but instead has a unique controller. Its controller is shaped like a television's remote control and it is very different from a normal game controller. It has a motion sensor built into the remote that allows the player to control the game by moving the controller in the air. An example would be swinging the remote like a tennis racket when playing a tennis game. In 2012, Wii U was released.
Current hand held consoles
Sony's PlayStation Portable (PSP) came out in 2004. Along with Nintendo's Dual Screen (DS) in 2004, and now the new Nintendo DSi XL, which is an advancement from their original Nintendo DSi. Nintendo also released the 3DS, which is the first handheld 3D console. PlayStation Vita has had its first release in Japan on November 18, 2012 and in the North-America on February 4, 2013.
History of video games
The first video game ever is often said to be a computer game called Spacewar!. In fact, some ideas of video games can be found before people made Spacewar!.
In the 1950s, when the first computers began to be made, three people had some ideas to create the basis of actual video games. In 1951, Ralph Baer, an American engineer of Loral Electronics, tried to create "the best television", proposing to add a gaming module, but his employer did not like his idea. Even if his idea was never realized, he is the first man to have thought of the idea of video games.Later, in 1952, A.S Douglas, of the Cambridge University in the UK, made a video game on a computer in order to illustrate one of his speeches. The game, called OXO, was a tic-tac-toe game, with two players (the person itself and the opponent, the computer) .In 1953, Willy Higinbotham made a game called Tennis For Two, similar to the later Pong, to entertain visitors to Brookhaven National Laboratory.
One of the most famous and one of the earliest video games ever is called Space Invaders. Space Invaders was made in 1978 as a coin operated machine but a version has been made for almost every different game console and home computer ever available.