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- The other kind of chestnut is called Sweet Chestnut. It is not related to this tree
|Horse-chestnut planted as a feature tree in a park|
| Aesculus hippocastanum|
A Horse Chestnut is a large deciduous tree. Its Latin name is Aesculus hippocastanum. It grows natively in southern Europe, in the Balkans. It is grown very often in temperate climates. It can grow up to 36 m tall. The name of the tree (and the whole genus of similar trees) is because it was used to treat horses, against cough and some parasite worms.