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Ismail Al-Jazari was a polymath. He was born in 1136 in Cizre (current Turkey) during the Islamic Golden Age. He was simultaneously a scholar, an inventor, a mechanical engineer, an artisan, an artist, and a mathematician. Just like his father before him, he served as the chief engineer at the Artuklu Palace. 
- "Medieval robots? They were just one of this Muslim inventor's creations" (in en). 2020-07-30. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/magazine/2020/07-08/ismail-al-jazari-muslim-inventor-called-father-robotics/.
- "Al-Jazarī | Arab inventor" (in en). https://www.britannica.com/biography/al-Jazari.
- "Medieval robots: How al-Jazari's mechanical marvels have been resurrected in Istanbul" (in en). http://www.middleeasteye.net/discover/medieval-robots-turkey-how-science-genius-al-jazari-brought-mechanical-marvels-istanbul.