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Mariano Fortuny (painter)
Marià José María Bernardo Fortuny y Carbó (June 11, 1838 - November 21, 1874), was a Spanish painter. His brief career encompass both the Romantic fascination with orientalist themes, but also moved towards a prescient loosening brush-stroke and color.
He was born at Reus, a town near Taragon in the province of Catalonia in Spain. His father died when he was an infant, his mother by age 12, thus Mariano was raised by his grandfather, a cabinetmaker, raised him. His grandfather taught him to make wax figurines. At the age of 9, at a public competition in his town a local patron, Domingo Soberano, encouraged further study. At the age of 14 years he moved to Barcelona with his grandfather. A sculptor, Domingo Talarn, secured him a pension of to allow him to attend the Academy of Barcelona. There he studied for four years under Claudio Lorenzale, and in March of 1857 he gained a scholarship that entitled him to two years of studies in Rome starting in 1858. There he studied drawing and grand manner styles.
In 1859, he was called by the Spanish government to depict the campaigns of the Spanish-Moroccan War (1859)|Spanish-Moroccan War. The expedition lasted for only about six months, and he returned to Spain in the summer of 1860.
- Charles Yriarte and Richard Muther, ed. (1908). Masters in Art: A Series of Illustrated Monographs (Part 110 Volume 10). Congress Street, Boston; Digitized Googlebooks: Bates and Guild company. http://books.google.com/books?id=i5IsAAAAMAAJ&pg=RA12-PA65&dq=Masters+in+Art+Fortuny.
- Muther, Richard (1897). The History of Modern Painting (Volume 3). E.P. Dutton and Company, New York. Googlebooks digitized June 26,2007.: Bates and Guild company. pp. Pages 308-315. http://books.google.com/books?id=EPkDAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR12&dq=Mariano+Fortuny+Richard+Muther&as_brr=1#PPR3,M1.
- James, Huneker (1922). Promenades of an Impressionist. New York; Digitized Googlebooks: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. Page 128.. http://books.google.com/books?id=l50mAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA2&dq=James+Huneker+Promenades&as_brr=1#PPP7,M1.
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