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Reform movement in Judaism
Throughout its history, Jewish beliefs and practices in the reform movement changed dramatically. Because of its origins in the Enlightenment, the reform movement's traditional Jewish beliefs are often viewed in a liberal way. Therefore, the reform movement in Judaism challenged many traditional Jewish habits, changed or stopped practices, and introduced its own innovations.
- The beginning of European reform is more complicated. While many supported reforms in the late 18th century and early 19th century, changes that were tried to synagogue worship and education did not last very long until the Hamburg temple was founded in 1818 (cf. Meyer, Response to Modernity, 61). There is little evidence of interaction between the U.S. and European movements until German immigration to the U.S. in the 1840s. (cf. Meyer, Response to Modernity, 235-236).