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The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), use the term "AIDS orphan" to talk about children whose mothers died of AIDS before the child's 15th birthday, whether the child's father is still alive or not. Because of this, some people say that 80% of all "AIDS orphans" still have one parent who is still alive.
Because most people who get AIDS are people who have sex, most people who die of AIDS are people who make most of their family's money (because most people who have sex are old enough to work). This means that many AIDS orphans need help from their country's government to live, and need money. This happens a lot in Africa especially.
In 2007, South Africa had more AIDS orphans than any other country, (although South Africa uses the term "AIDS orphan" differently than UNICEF and WHO. South Africa uses the term to talk about children under age 18 who lost either their father or their mother to AIDS). In 2005, the country with the highest percentage of AIDS orphans among the country's orphans was Zimbabwe.
- UNAIDS.org PDF
- Stuijt, Adriana (04 April 2009). "South Africa's 3,4-million Aids-orphans to get 'adult' rights". http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/270409.
- AIDS Orphan's Preventable Death Challenges Those Left Behind, by Tony Karon, June 01, 2001
- Project Aids Orphan
- "AIDS orphans". Avert. http://www.avert.org/aidsorphans.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-08.
- children count Government of South Africa