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Abdul Hamid II
|Abdul Hamid II|
|Caliph of Islam|
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Abdülhamid II in the late 19th century as a Sultan.
|Sultan of the Ottoman Empire|
|Reign||31 August 1876 – 27 April 1909|
|Sword girding||7 September 1876|
|Born||21 September 1842|
Topkapı Palace, Istanbul
|Died||10 February 1918 (aged 75)|
Beylerbeyi Palace, Istanbul
Sultan Mahmud II Tomb
|Royal house||House of Osman|
|Mother||• Tirimüjgan Sultan|
• Rahime Perestu Sultan
Abdul Hamid II (21 September 1842 – 10 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was the last sultan to have complete control over the Empire. He witnessed many revolutions and wars. Abdulhamid II ruled from 1876 to 1909, until he was deposed by a group of people calling themselves the "Young Turks".
He modernized the Empire during his reign, by for example building many railways, schools and hospitals. He also seeked to unify the Empire under the name of Islam as opposed to others wanting to unify the Empire under Ottomanism.
Although the Empire was beginning to fall, he at least gave the Empire a lift in his reign.
His reign ended as Young Turks revolted against him, effectively deposing him and putting their favored sultan, Mehmed V.
- "Abdulhamid II". The Sultans. theottomans.org. http://www.theottomans.org/english/family/abdulhamid2.asp. Retrieved 22 February 2016.