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Australian Defence Force

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Australian Defence Force
Current form 1976 (ADF established)
Parts Australian Army
Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Navy
Headquarters Part of the Australian Defence Organisation
Commander-in-Chief Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove as representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia
Minister for Defence Marise Payne
Chief of the Defence Force Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin
Serving soldiers
Military age 16.5 years for selection process, 17 years to serve, 18 years to deploy on operations (2013)
Available to
be a soldier
4,999,988 males, age 16–49 (2009 est.[3]),
4,870,043 females, age 16–49 (2009 est.[3])
Fit to be
a soldier
4,341,591 males, age 16–49 (2009 est.[3]),
4,179,659 females, age 16–49 (2009 est.[3])
Reaching military
age annually
144,959 males (2009 est.[3]),
137,333 females (2009 est.[3])
Active employees/soldiers 57,982[1]
Reserve personnel 23,232 (Active)[2]
22,166 (Standby)
Deployed personnel 2,241 (10 September 2015)
Budget A$31.9 billion(2015–16)[4]
Percent of GDP 1.92 percent[5]
Annual exports Confidential, but thought to be over A$600 million[6]

The Australian Defence Force (ADF) is the military organisation responsible for the defence of Australia. It is made up of the Royal Australian Navy, the Australian Army, the Royal Australian Air Force and a number of joint groups.

At first the Australian Government set up three separate armed services. In 1976, the government decided to have a single military headquarters. Over time, the three services have combined headquarters, logistics and training camps.

The ADF is small, but uses a lot of technology. With 53,000 full-time active-duty service people and 20,000 part-time reserve forces, it is the largest military force in Oceania. It is much smaller than most Asian military forces. The ADF does not have enough people in some highly skilled areas, but it is still able to send forces in many regions outside Australia.


Other websites

Media related to Military of Australia at Wikimedia Commons