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# Basis (linear algebra)

This picture illustrates the standard basis in R2. The red and blue vectors are the elements of the basis; the green vector can be given with the basis vectors.

In linear algebra, a basis is a set of vectors in a given vector space with certain properties:

• One can get any vector in the vector space by multiplying each of the basis vectors by different numbers, and then adding them up.
• If any vector is removed from the basis, the property above is no longer satisfied.

The dimension of a given vector space is the number of elements of the basis.

## Example

If $\mathbb{R}^3$ is the vector space then:

$B=\{(1,0,0),(0,1,0),(0,0,1)\}$ is a basis of $\mathbb{R}^3$.

It's easy to see that for any element of $\mathbb{R}^3$ it can be represented as a combination of the above basis. Let $x$ be any element of $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $x=(x_1,x_2,x_3)$.

Since $x_1,x_2$ and $x_3$ are elements of $\mathbb{R}$ then they can be written as $x_1=1*x_1$ and so on.

Then the combination equals the element $x$.

This shows that the set $B$ is a basis of $\mathbb{R}^3$.