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Bastia is a town and commune of northern Corsica, in France. It is the capital (in French "préfecture") of the Haute-Corse département and has a population of approximately 40,000 inhabitants. Bastia is also an important Corsican port and is famous for its wines. The rate of unemployment in the commune has been very high, and was 20% in 2004.
Before the occupation of Corsica by the Genoese, Cardo was a large city. Around the city were little villages where the fishermen of Cardo lived. This little port was called Porto Cardo, which means "the port of Cardo."
The Genoese felt the need to shelter the city from the sea storms and began to construct walls and buildings. In the time of governor Leonello Lomellini, in 1380, they built a bastiglia, also known as a citadel. With time, the bastiglia (Bastia) became more prosperous and important than Cardo.
Bastia was the capital of Corsica until 1791.
Places of interest and monuments
Famous people born in Bastia
- Vincent de Moro Giafferi (1878–1956): lawyer, nicknamed the "Grand Moro"
- César Campinchi (1882–1941): lawyer and French politician
- César Vezzani (1888–1951): opera singer
- John Bernard (1893–1983): American politician
- Angelo Rinaldi (1940— ): French writer and member of the Académie française
- Yves Simonpaoli, painter and professor of dentistry
- Henry Padovani, original guitarist of The Police.
The official football team of Basti is the Sporting Club de Bastia.