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Boleslaw I of Poland

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Jan Matejko's portrait of Beleslaw I

Bolesław I the Brave (Polish Bolesław I Chrobry) (967 - June 17, 1025) was the duke of Poland from 992 to April 18, 1025 and King of Poland from April 18 to June 17, 1025. He was the son of Mieszko I, first known ruler of Poland.

During his ruled Poland made more powerful and strong. New lands was conquered (Slovakia, Moravia, Red Strongholds and Lusatia).[1] He was able to rule country, which changed religion no long time before. Bolesław was first king of Poland, but died 2 months after get the crown.

We know 7 children of Bolesław I. Two of them, Mieszko II Lambert and Bezprym ruled later Poland.

Bolesław was the first King of Poland to ever be crowned, even though he died two months later his son then took over for him.

Interesting Facts

  • The King introduced new law - any man that will sleep with multiple woman will be taken to the bridge and his private areas will be nailed to it. Then he will be left with knife and choice - either die on the bridge over the time or cut himself. This simple rule caused - until now pogan - culture to promote sacred life with one partner only.[2]
  • Image of Bolesław the Brave is on 20 zlotys paper money


  1. Map of polish conquests under rule of Bolesław I
  2. "Przewrotna historia Polski, Mac Edukacja, 2001"