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The word cardiomyopathy means "heart muscle disease". Cardiomyopathies are a group of diseases in which the function of the myocardium (heart muscle) is impaired for any reason. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of arrhythmia and/or sudden cardiac death.[1]

There are four main types of cardiomyopathy:[2]


  1. Kasper, Denis L. (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th edn. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-139140-1 . 
  2. Cardiomyopathy Association. "About cardiomyopathy". Retrieved 2007-05-31.