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Charles Dickens

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Charles Dickens
Born Charles John Huffam Dickens
7 February 1812(1812-02-07)
Landport, Portsmouth, England
Died 9 June 1870(1870-06-09) (aged 58)
Gad's Hill Place, Higham, Kent, England
Resting place Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey
Occupation Novelist
Notable work(s) Sketches by Boz, The Old Curiosity Shop, Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, Barnaby Rudge, A Christmas Carol, Martin Chuzzlewit, A Tale of Two Cities, David Copperfield, Great Expectations, Bleak House, Little Dorrit, Hard Times, Our Mutual Friend, The Pickwick Papers


Charles Dickens (7 February 1812—9 June 1870)[1] was one of the great English writers of the 19th century.

Early life

Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth,England.[1] His parents were John Dickens (1785-1851),[2] a naval pay clerk, and Elizabeth Barow (1789–1863).[2]

At age twenty-five, Charles moved to Chatham. When Charles was ten years old, his family moved to Camden, London. He worked in a blacking factory there while his father went to prison for debt. Dickens's hard times in this blackening factory served as the base of ideas for many of his novels. Many like Oliver Twist soon became famous. When his great-grandmother died and transmitted money, Charles' father paid off his debts and was released from prison. Charles did not like working and wished to stop working after his father was released. However, his mother said that the family needed the money so Charles was forced to continue working. Charles then finished his schooling, and got a job as an office boy for an attorney. After finding that job dull, he taught himself shorthand and became a journalist that reported on the government. Dickens was a Unitarian.[3]


His first book was Sketches by Boz in 1836, a collection of the short pieces he had been writing for the Monthly Magazine and the Evening Chronicle.[4] This was followed by The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club in 1837.[1] Both these books became popular as soon as they were printed.[1]

Charles Dickens died of a stroke on 8 June 1870 and was buried in Poet's Corner in Westminster Abbey.


Charles Dickens' books include:

He also wrote one Christmas book:


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lansbury, Coral. "Dickens, Charles (1812-1870)" (in English). Australian Dictionary of Biography On Line Edition. Australian National University. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  2. 2.0 2.1 [1] Dickens Family Tree website
  3. "Charles Dickens". Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  4. Cousin, John W. (1910). "Charles Dickens (1812-1870)" (in English). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. University of Adelaide. Retrieved 2010-03-16.

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