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Duchy of Parma




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Duchy of Parma
Ducato di Parma  (Italian)
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)

 

1545–1802 (1808)

1814–1859

 

Flag Coat of arms
The Duchy of Parma and Piacenza (green)
Capital Parma
Language(s) Italian, Emilian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Principality
Duke of Parma
 - 1545–1547 Pier Luigi Farnese(first)
 - 1854–1859 Roberto I (last)
History
 - Imperial Diploma 16 September 1545
 - Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle 24 April 1748
 - French administration 1 November 1802
 - Formal annexation by France 1808
 - Restauration 11 April 1814
 - Italian unification 3 December 1859
Currency "Parman lira"

The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, which had been conquered by the State of the Church in 1512. These territories, centered on the city of Parma, were given as a fief for Pope Paul III's illegitimate son, Pier Luigi Farnese. The state was originally ruled by the Farnese family before eventually falling to the House of Bourbon by inheritance. Following the creation of the state of Italy in 1859 the duchy was abolished. It was also a state of the Holy Roman Empire till 1806 and had various links with its neighbour the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.