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Freiberg, Saxony

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Freiberg Obermarkt Rathaus.jpg
Coat of arms of Freiberg
Freiberg, Saxony is located in Germany
Freiberg, Saxony
Coordinates 50°54′43″N 13°20′34″E / 50.91194°N 13.34278°E / 50.91194; 13.34278
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Freiberg Rural District
Municipal assoc. Freiberg
Town subdivisions 12
Mayor Uta Rensch (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 48.05 km2 (18.55 sq mi)
Elevation 400 m  (1312 ft)
Population 41,701  (31 December 2009)
 - Density 868 /km2 (2,248 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate FG
Postal code 09599
Area code 03731

Freiberg (i.e. free mountain) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the Freiberg Rural District.

The town was founded in 1186, and has been a centre of the mining industry in the Ore Mountains for centuries.

In 1944 the Flossenburg concentration camp built a subcamp outside the town of Freiberg. It housed over 500 female survivors of other camps, including Auschwitz Birkenau. Altogether 50 or so SS women worked in this camp until its evacuation in April 1945. The female survivors later reached the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.

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