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George Berkeley

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George Berkeley
Full name George Berkeley
Era 18th century philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Idealism, Empiricism
Main interests Metaphysics, Epistemology, Language, Mathematics, Perception
Notable ideas Subjective Idealism, The Master Argument

George Berkeley (12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753), or Bishop Berkeley,[1] was a philosopher.

Berkeley was one of the three 17th and 18th century British philosophers who worked on empiricism (the others were the Scots John Locke and David Hume). His main philosophical achievement was the theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others). He said that we know the sensations and we can think of an object, but we can not be sure that this object actually exists.


Berkeley was born at his family home, Dysart Castle, near Thomastown, County Kilkenny, Ireland. He was educated at Kilkenny College and attended Trinity College, Dublin, completing a Master's degree in 1707.


  • Philosophical Commentaries (1707–08, notebooks)
  • An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision (1709)
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, Part I (1710)
  • Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (1713)
  • De Motu (Berkeley's essay)|De Motu (1721)
  • Alciphron: or the Minute Philosopher (1732)
  • The Theory of Vision or Visual Language … Vindicated and Explained (1733)
  • The Analyst (1734)
  • The Querist (1735–37)
  • Siris (1744)


  1. He was Bishop of Cloyne.

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