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Gothic fiction is a genre of literature which combines parts of both horror and romance. The genre is said to have started in England in 1764 with Horace Walpole's book The Castle of Otranto. The Castle of Otranto's second edition was subtitled A Gothic Story. The idea quickly spread to other European languages.
- Kilgour, Maggie 1995. The rise of the gothic novel. London: Routledge.
- Bloom, Clive 2007. Gothic horror: a guide for students and readers. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.