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Temporal range: Archaean – Recent
|Halobacteria sp. strain NRC-1, each cell about 5 μm long.|
Haloarchaea are microorganisms that are members of the halophile community. They need a high salt concentrations to grow. They are a distinct evolutionary branch of the Archaea, and are extremophiles.
In taxonomy, the Haloarchaea are a class of the Euryarchaeota, found in water with salt. They are common in most environments where large amounts of salt, moisture, and organic material are available.