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Nelson commanded the British fleet during the Napoleonic Wars, fighting the French and Spanish. Nelson was blind in one eye, after being wounded in battle. During the Battle of Trafalgar, his greatest victory, he was killed by a French sniper.
At least three versions of his last words exist, and are shown in wikiquote.
His most well-known last words are, "Kiss me, Hardy".
Another statement during his last hours was, "Thank God I have done my duty."
Alternatively, he may have said both of these statements; "Kiss me, Hardy" and Hardy kissed him on the cheek. Then Nelson said, "Now I am satisfied. Thank God I have done my duty." Then Hardy kissed him again on the forehead and Nelson called out, "Who is that?" Hardy replied, "It is Hardy." Then Nelson said, "God bless you, Hardy." Then he murmoured to those around him to look about Emma Hamilton and his daughter.
Most recently are accounts of his chaplain, Alexander Scott; his steward, Chevalier; and the purser, Walter Burke. "Drink, drink. Fan, fan. Rub, rub" was a request to ease his symptoms of thirst, heat, and the pains of his wounds.
Scott, who remained by Nelson as he died, recorded his last words as 'God and my country'.
- Mullet, Charles F. (1978). "Nelson, Horatio". World Book Encyclopedia 14. World Book-Childcraft International Inc..
- "BBC: History: Historic Figures: Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson (1758 - 1805)". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/nelson_admiral_horatio_lord.shtml. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- Horsley, E. M. (1986). Hutchinson Factfinder: Concise Encyclopedia. London: Guild Publishing.
- Iggulden, Hal; Iggulden, Conn (2006). The Dangerous Book for Boys. HarperCollins. p. 154-158. .
- N.A.M. Rodger, ‘Nelson, Horatio, Viscount Nelson (1758–1805)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press 2004; online edn, May 2009 accessed 5 Oct 2009
- Pocock, Tom (1987). Horatio Nelson. London: The Bodley Head. p. 331. .
- Hayward, Joel S. A. (2003). For God and Glory: Lord Nelson and His Way of War. . p. 63