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Iwo Jima (硫黄島, meaning "sulfur island"), also known as Iō-tō, is an uninhabited Japanese island in the Volcano Islands. It is south of the Bonin Islands. It is 650 nautical miles (750 mi; 1,200 km) south of mainland Tokyo.
The first recorded mention of Iwo Jima was in 1673.
It was claimed by the Empire of Japan in 1861.
- 地名等の統一に関する連絡協議会 硫黄島の呼称を「いおうじま」から「いおうとう」へ変更 at Geographical Survey Institute of Japan (in Japanese); Retreived 2013-4-27.
- Ring, Trudy et al. (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania, p. 379.