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Jacques Monod

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Jacques Lucien Monod (Paris, 9 February 1910 – Paris, 31 May 1976)[1] was a French biologist. He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965 for his discoveries about the genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis which he shared with François Jacob and Andre Lwoff.

Monod's best-known work explains how llife is the product of a combination of chance and necessity.[2] It has been described as a "manifesto of materialist biology in the most reductivist sense",[3] because Monod says that systems in nature can be explained without introducing any end-goal or purpose. He then argues that certain beliefs and ethics followed from his outlook on biology: atheism, rationalism, anti-Marxism.[4]


  1. "Jacques Monod – Autobiography". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
  2. Monod, Jacques 1971. Chance and necessity: an essay on the natural philosophy of modern biology. New York, Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-46615-2
  3. Jeffery S. Wicken. 1984. "The cosmic breath: reflections on the thermodynamics of creation". Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science.
  4. Judson, Horace Freeland 1979. The eighth day of creation: the makers of the revolution in biology. Simon & Schuster, New York. p591
This person won a Nobel Prize