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# James Bond

James Bond is a fictional British spy created by Ian Fleming in 1953.

## History

### 1950s-1960s

In 1953, Fleming wrote Casino Royale, the very first James Bond novel. The novel made a lot of money, and he continued to write one James Bond novel each year until he died in 1963. In a 1956 South African radio program Moonraker he was voiced by Bob Holness. In 1962 Albert. R. "Cubby" Broccoli and Harry Saltzman started to produce the first James Bond movie, Dr. No, starring Sean Connery as James Bond. The movie became extremely popular, and they continued to make more Bond movies. In the end of the 1960s Connery did not want to do any more Bond movies, and many thought that Bond was now dead. In 1969, George Lazenby appeared in one movie as the Bond character, but the movie was not successful.

### 1970s-1980s

In 1971 Sean Connery stepped back into the role for one movie "Diamonds are Forever". After this in 1973, producers came up with the Live and Let Die movie, starring Roger Moore as Bond. The movie became a very big success. The series continued throughout the 1970s and 1980s with Roger Moore playing the role of Bond.

In the 1980s, Bond movies were not as successful at the box office. Unlike the 1960s and 1970s, in the 1980s there were many other action movies being produced that could compete with the Bond series.

After Moore left the role as Bond, he was replaced with Timothy Dalton in the late 1980s. Dalton tried to make a serious, "down to earth" Bond, closer to the Fleming novels. Fans did not like Dalton's interpretation of the Bond character, and the movies made little money.

### 1990s

The Cold War ended in 1991. Since Bond almost always fought Communists, many now thought that the Bond series of movies was finally dead.

In 1995, producers developed the Goldeneye movie, starring Pierce Brosnan as Bond. This film made the Bond character well known in the 1990s. Brosnan appeared in several Bond movies.

### 2000s

In 2002, the James Bond character was used in the 20th movie, Die Another Day, the 40th anniversary of the movies and the 50th anniversary since Fleming wrote his first Bond novel. In 2006, the 21st movie, Casino Royale, was released. Pierce Brosnan, who played James Bond in the previous four moviess, was replaced by Daniel Craig, the first James Bond to have blonde hair. The movie is based on the first Ian Fleming novel of the same name, but is set in the present day. The movie features a cameo appearance by Richard Branson, a British billionaire. It has a new model of Aston Martin DB9, the car that made James Bond so famous in the 1960s. Many fans think that whilst this movie is different to other movies, it is much better, and movies in the future (however few there will be) will be in this new format. In 2008, Craig appeared in a second Bond movie, Quantum of Solace and a third, Skyfall, in 2012.

## Movies

Franchise Count Title Year Actor Director Total Box Office * Budget * Inflation Adjusted
Total Box Office *
1 Dr. No 1962 Sean Connery Terence Young $59,600,000$1,200,000 $425,488,741 2 From Russia with Love 1963$78,900,000 $2,500,000$555,909,803
3 Goldfinger 1964 Guy Hamilton $124,900,000$3,500,000 $868,659,354 4 Thunderball 1965 Terence Young$141,200,000 $11,000,000$966,435,555
5 You Only Live Twice 1967 Lewis Gilbert $111,600,000$9,500,000 $720,388,023 6 On Her Majesty's Secret Service 1969 George Lazenby Peter R. Hunt$87,400,000 $7,000,000$513,445,231
7 Diamonds Are Forever 1971 Sean Connery Guy Hamilton $116,000,000$7,200,000 $617,520,987 8 Live and Let Die 1973 Roger Moore$161,800,000 $12,000,000$785,677,477
9 The Man with the Golden Gun 1974 $97,600,000$13,000,000 $426,826,774 10 The Spy Who Loved Me 1977 Lewis Gilbert$187,300,000 $28,000,000$666,367,656
11 Moonraker 1979 $210,300,000$34,000,000 $624,527,272 12 For Your Eyes Only 1981 John Glen$202,800,000 $28,000,000$481,005,579
13 Octopussy 1983 $187,500,000$27,500,000 $405,873,493 14 A View to a Kill 1985$157,800,000 $30,000,000$316,186,616
15 The Living Daylights 1987 Timothy Dalton $191,200,000$40,000,000 $362,876,056 16 Licence to Kill 1989$156,200,000 $32,000,000$271,586,451
17 GoldenEye 1995 Pierce Brosnan Martin Campbell $353,400,000$60,000,000 $499,954,330 18 Tomorrow Never Dies 1997 Roger Spottiswoode$346,600,000 $110,000,000$465,588,535
19 The World Is Not Enough 1999 Michael Apted $390,000,000$135,000,000 $504,705,882 20 Die Another Day 2002 Lee Tamahori$456,000,000 $142,000,000$546,490,272
21 Casino Royale 2006 Daniel Craig Martin Campbell $599,200,000$150,000,000 $640,803,677 22 Quantum of Solace 2008 Marc Forster$586,090,727 $230,000,000$586,090,727
23 Skyfall 2012 Sam Mendes $1,108,283,816$150,000,000
24 Spectre 2015 Sam Mendes
Totals Movies 1-24 $4,809,157,447$1,123,000,000 \$11,686,214,000

Many of the James Bond movies were massive hits. However, there are two movies classed as unofficial Bond films and not recognised as part of the series. The 1967 version of Casino Royale was a spoof, featuring "Jimmy Bond". Also, Never Say Never Again was not made by Albert R. Broccoli's production company, EON Productions. Connery is the tallest actor to play James Bond to this day.[1]