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Javan Rusa

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Javan Rusa[1]
Rusa Deer
Conservation status
Scientific classification
R. timorensis
Binomial name
Rusa timorensis
Blainville, 1822

The Javan Rusa or Sunda Sambar (Rusa timorensis) is a deer that lives on the islands of Java, Bali and Timor (shared with East Timor) in Indonesia. It is also an introduced species (an animal introduced into a new place) in Irian Jaya, Borneo (Kalimantan) the Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku, Sulawesi, Australia, Mauritius, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Réunion.[2] It occupies a habitat (living conditions) similar to that of the Chital of India, that is, open dry and mixed deciduous forests, parklands, and savannas. It is a close relative of the larger Sambar deer. It is hunted in eastern Australasia. Javan Rusa deer breed in the rutting period in July and August. They are active in the early morning and the late afternoon.


  1. Grubb, Peter (16 November 2005). "Rusa timorensis". In Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). p. 670. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0 . OCLC 62265494 . 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hedges, S., Duckworth, J.W., Timmins, R.J., Semiadi, G. & Priyono, A. (2008). Rusa timorensis. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2008. Retrieved on 9 April 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable.