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Jian (治安) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name"), also known as Chi'an, after Kannin and before Manju. This period started in February 1021 and ended in July 1024. The reigning emperor was Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).
Events of the Jian era
- 1023 (Jian 3, 4th month): A major epidemic in Kyoto; disease spread throughout the country.
- 1023 (Jian 3, 10th month): Fujiwara no Michinaga visited Mount Koya.
- 29 December 1023 (Jian 3, 14th day of the 11th month): a lunar eclipse.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kannin" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 474.
- Nussbaum. "Manjū" at p. 607.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156-159; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307-310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196.
- Dykstra, Yoshiko Kurata. (2001). The Konjaku Tales: from a Medieval Japanese Collection, Vol. 2, p. 13.
- Horton, Sarah J. (2007). Living Buddhist Statues in Early Medieval and Modern Japan, p. 143.
- Nihon Kiristokyō Kyōgikai. (2001). Japanese Religions, Vols. 26-27, pp. 34-35.
- Pankenier, David. (1999). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 89.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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