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John Russell, 1st Earl Russell
The Rt Hon The Earl Russell
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
30 June 1846 – 23 February 1852
29 October 1865 – 28 June 1866
|Preceded by||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
The Viscount Palmerston
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Derby|
|Born||18 August 1792|
|Died||28 May 1878(aged 85)|
|Political party||Whig and Liberal|
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, KG, GCMG, PC (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878) was an English Whig and Liberal politician. He served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century.
Russell was known as "Lord John Russell", which is called a courtesy title. As the third son of the then Duke of Bedford, he was entitled to use one of the family's lower titles. Before becoming Prime Minister, he served in other important posts, such as Home Secretary, Colonial Secretary and Foreign Secretary.