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Kim Il-sung
김일성
Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg
Official portrait (posthumous, issued 1994)
Eternal President of the Republic (Appellation)
Assumed office
8 July 1994
Supreme Leader of North Korea
In office
9 September 1948 – 8 July 1994
Succeeded byKim Jong-il
President of North Korea
In office
28 December 1972 – 8 July 1994
Preceded byPosition created
Choi Yong-kun, Head of State as President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly
Succeeded byPosition abolished
(Proclaimed Eternal President of the Republic after his death)
Prime Minister of North Korea
In office
9 September 1948 – 28 December 1972
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byKim Il (Premier)
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea
In office
11 October 1966 – 8 July 1994
Preceded byHimself as Chairman
Succeeded byKim Jong-il
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea
In office
30 June 1949 – 11 October 1966
Preceded byKim Tu-bong
Succeeded byHimself as General Secretary
Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of North Korea
In office
28 August 1946 – 30 June 1949
ChairmanKim Tu-bong
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Chairman of the North Korea Bureau of the Communist Party of Korea
In office
17 December 1945 – 28 August 1946
General SecretaryPak Hon-yong
Preceded byKim Yong-bom
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Personal details
Born
Kim Sŏng-ju

15 April 1912(1912-04-15)
Mangyŏngdae, Heian-nandō, Japanese Korea
Died8 July 1994(1994-07-08) (aged 82)
Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Resting placeKumsusan Palace of the Sun, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
NationalityNorth Korean
Political partyWorkers’ Party of Korea
Spouse(s)Kim Jong-suk (d. 1949)
Kim Song-ae
ChildrenKim Jong-il
Kim Man-il
Kim Kyong-hui
Kim Kyong-jin
Kim Pyong-il
Kim Yong-il
ResidencePyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea
OccupationEternal President of the Republic
ProfessionPresident of North Korea
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Branch/serviceSoviet Armed Forces
Korean People's Army
Years of service1941–1945
1948–1994
RankDae wonsu (Grand Marshal)
CommandsAll (supreme commander)
Battles/warsWorld War II
Korean War
In this Korean name, the family name is Kim.

Kim Il-Sung (Hangul: 김일성; Hanja: 金日成, Kim Il Sŏng; April 15, 1912 - July 8, 1994) was the first leader of North Korea from 1948 until his death in 1994. He had full control of the country. He died of a heart attack on July 8, 1994. North Koreans still call him 'Eternal Leader'.

Kim Il-Sung creaded the Juche political idea. He ran North Korea differently than the Soviet Union and China.

When he died, his son Kim Jŏng-Il (1941-2011) became the leader of North Korea. He had that job until he died on December 17, 2011. His grandson, Kim Jong-un (born 1983) is the leader of North Korea.

Kim Il-Sung's name means "become the sun".[1]

There are more than 300 statues of Kim Il-sung in North Korea. [2]

Resistance to Japan

During the Japanese occupation of Korea, Kim Il-Sŏng was involved with numerous opposition guerrilla groups.

References

  1. Bradley K. Martin (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0312323220.
  2. Portal, Jane; British Museum (2005). Art under control in North Korea. Reaktion Books. p. 82. ISBN 978-1861892362.