kidzsearch.com > wiki Explore:images videos games
|Lycoperdon umbrinum, found in Gala (Norway) in late August.|
| Lycoperdon umbrinum|
|no distinct cap|
|hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable|
|lacks a stipe|
|spore print is olive|
|ecology is saprotrophic|
The L. umbrinum has a fruiting body, which is shaped like the top of a pear, with a short, slightly buried stipe. It is 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) tall and 1 to 4 cm (0.4 to 1.6 in) broad. The fruiting body starts as pale, then goes reddish then to a blackish brown. The outer wall has slender, persistent spines, which are up to 1 mm long. The spores are roughly sspherical, and about 3.5–5.5 µm in diameter, with fine warts and a pedicel that is 0.5–15 µm long. It is uncommonly found, although most often found in coniferous woods on sandy soils.
- Zhishu B, Zheng G, Taihui L. (1993). The Macrofungus Flora of China's Guangdong Province (Chinese University Press). New York: Columbia University Press. p. 692. .
- Jordan M. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe. London: Frances Lincoln Publishers. p. 358. . http://books.google.com/books?id=bFMfytLn3bEC&lpg=PA358&dq=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&lr=&pg=PA358#v=onepage&q=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&f=false. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- Miller HR, Miller OK. (2006). North American Mushrooms: a Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Guilford, Conn.: Falcon Guide. p. 455. . http://books.google.com/books?id=zjvXkLpqsEgC&lpg=PA451&dq=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&lr=&pg=PA455#v=onepage&q=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&f=false. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- Ellis, J. B.; Ellis, Martin B. (1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes): an Identification Handbook. London: Chapman and Hall. p. 239. .