kidzsearch.com > wiki   Explore:images videos games  

Lycoperdon umbrinum




KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search
Lycoperdon umbrinum
Lycoperdon umbrinum, found in Gala (Norway) in late August.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Lycoperdon
Species: L. umbrinum
Binomial name
Lycoperdon umbrinum
Pers. (1801)
Lycoperdon umbrinum
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
glebal hymenium
no distinct cap
hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable
lacks a stipe
spore print is olive
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Lycoperdon umbrinum, better known as the umber-brown puffball, is a species of puffball mushroom in the genus Lycoperdon. The species is found in China,[1] Europe,[2] and North America.[3]

Description

The L. umbrinum has a fruiting body, which is shaped like the top of a pear, with a short, slightly buried stipe. It is 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) tall and 1 to 4 cm (0.4 to 1.6 in) broad. The fruiting body starts as pale, then goes reddish then to a blackish brown. The outer wall has slender, persistent spines, which are up to 1 mm long. The spores are roughly sspherical, and about 3.5–5.5 µm in diameter, with fine warts and a pedicel that is 0.5–15 µm long. It is uncommonly found, although most often found in coniferous woods on sandy soils.[4]

Related pages

References

  1. Zhishu B, Zheng G, Taihui L. (1993). The Macrofungus Flora of China's Guangdong Province (Chinese University Press). New York: Columbia University Press. p. 692. ISBN 962-201-556-5 .
  2. Jordan M. (2004). The Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe. London: Frances Lincoln Publishers. p. 358. ISBN 0-7112-2378-5 . http://books.google.com/books?id=bFMfytLn3bEC&lpg=PA358&dq=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&lr=&pg=PA358#v=onepage&q=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&f=false. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
  3. Miller HR, Miller OK. (2006). North American Mushrooms: a Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Guilford, Conn.: Falcon Guide. p. 455. ISBN 0-7627-3109-5 . http://books.google.com/books?id=zjvXkLpqsEgC&lpg=PA451&dq=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&lr=&pg=PA455#v=onepage&q=Lycoperdon%20umbrinum&f=false. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
  4. Ellis, J. B.; Ellis, Martin B. (1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes): an Identification Handbook. London: Chapman and Hall. p. 239. ISBN 0-412-36970-2 .

Other websites