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Member of parliament
A member of parliament (usually abbreviated to MP) is a person in the United Kingdom or in Canada who represents the people of an area (called a "constituency") in the House of Commons. They are voted for by the people in a general election. The Prime Minister chooses when to hold a general election, but must have an election at least once every five years. MPs are usually members of a group called a political party.
In the UK, the main political parties are:
- The Conservative party
- The Labour Party
- The Liberal Democrats
- The Scottish National Party
- The Green Party
In Canada, the main political parties are:
Members of provincial legislatures in Canada are sometimes referred to as member of provincial parliament (MPP) and other times member of legislative assembly (MLA).