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Azuchi-Momoyama period

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History of Japan

Azuchi-Momoyama period (安土桃山時代 Azuchi-Momoyama-jidai?), also known as the Momoyama period (桃山時代 Momoyama-jidai?),[1] is the time from approximately 1573 to 1606 in history of Japan.[2]

This period is called Azuchi-Momoyama because there were two great centers of power during this time. One was Oda Nobunaga's castle at Azuchi near Lake Biwa.[3] The other was Toyotomi Hideyoshi's castle at Momoyama near Kyoto.[4]


  • 1568 (Eiroku 11): Nobunaga entered Kyoto
  • September 18, 1598 (Keichō 3, 18th day of the 8th month): Hideyoshi died at the age of 63.[11]
  • 1615 ( Keichō 20): Battle of Osaka (Osaka Natsu no Jin')[14]


The times when Toyotomi grasped the government are called Momoyama period (桃山時代 Momoyama-jidai?), and the culture that prospered mainly on this time is called Momoyama culture (桃山文化 Momoyama-bunka?).

A new merchant class grew in cities at this time. Consumption and luxurious culture increased among the wealthy.

Trade with the West was influential Francisco Xavier visited Japan.


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Momoyama-jidai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 656; excerpt, "... a historical and artistic period from 1568 or 1573 to 1615, during which Japan was controlled by military ditators ...."
  2. Nussbaum, "Azuchi-Momoyama" at p. 64; excerpt, "This name is given to the "dictator's period," from 1582 to 1600 (or from 1574 to 1615, depending on the writer) ...."
  3. Nussbaum, "Azuchi" at p. 64.
  4. Nussbaum, "Fushimi" at p. 224.
  5. Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiaki" at p. 55.
  6. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 391.
  7. Nussbaum, "Honnō-ji" at p. 350.
  8. Titsingh, p. 399.
  9. Titsingh, p. 405.
  10. Nussbaum, "Bunroku Keichō no Eki" at 92.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Titsingh, p. 405.
  12. Titisngh, p. 409.
  13. Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, p. 359.
  14. Sansom, George Bailey. (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615, p. 398.

Other websites

Media related to Azuchi-Momoyama period at Wikimedia Commons

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