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Nihon Shoki

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A page from the Heian period

''Nihon Shoki'' (日本書紀 Nihon shoki?, The Chronicles of Japan), also known as the Nihongi (日本紀?), is an early book about the history of Japan up to 720 A.D.[1] It is one of the national history books which are together called the Rikkokushi.[2]


Nihon Shoki is the second oldest book of classical Japanese history. It includes details that are not in the Kojiki, which is the oldest historical record of ancient Japan.[1]

This book is important to people who study the history of Japan because it has information about the early rulers not found in other books.[3]

Dates in the Nihon Shoki before the late 7th century were likely recorded using the Genka calendar system.[4]

Related pages


  1. 1.0 1.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nihon Shoki" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 709.
  2. "Rikkokushi" at pp. 789-790.
  3. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to AD 697, pp. xiii-xvi.
  4. Barnes, Gina Lee. (2007). State Formation in Japan: Emergence of a 4th-Century Ruling Elite, p. 226 n.5.

Further reading

  • Sakamoto, Tarō. (1991). The Six National Histories of Japan (tr. John S. Brownlee). Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.

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