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Occitan language

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occitan, lenga d'òc, provençal
Native toFrance, Spain, Italy, Monaco
Native speakersestimates range from 100,000 to 800,000  (2007–2012)[1][2]
Language family
Early forms:
Old Occitan
  • Occitan
Official status
Official language inCatalonia (Spain)
Recognised minority language inFrance
Italy (Law number 482 of 15 December 1999) [6]
Regulated byConselh de la Lenga Occitana;[3] Congrès Permanent de la Lenga Occitana;[4] Institut d'Estudis Aranesi[5]
Language codes
ISO 639-1oc
ISO 639-2oci
ISO 639-3ociinclusive code
Individual code:
sdt – (Judeo-Occitan)
Linguasphere51-AAA-g & 51-AAA-f
Occitania blanck map.PNG
Idioma occitano dialectos.png
various dialects of Occitan

Occitan (English pronunciation: /ˈɒksɪˌtæn/;[7] French pronunciation: [ɔ'tɑ̃]; Occitan: [utsiˈta]),[8] known also as lenga d'òc by its native speakers (Occitan: [ˈleŋɡɔ ˈðɔ(k)]; French: langue d'ocScript error: No such module "Category handler".), is a Romance language spoken in the south of France, the Occitan Valleys of Italy, the Val d'Aran of Catalonia and Monaco. The regions together are sometimes known unofficially as Occitania.

Occitan took a different path from Latin to the main official languages. It is sometimes called lenga d'òc ("language of oc", French: langue d'oc) because its word for yes is òc, as opposed to oil (oui) or in other languages. That is one way to classify Romance languages.

Occitan is an official language of Catalonia.[9] Since September 2010, the Parliament of Catalonia has considered Aranese Occitan to be the officially preferred language for use in the Val d'Aran.


  • Alpine (also named Vivaro-Alpine or Provençal Alpine)
  • Auvergnat
  • Gascon (including Aranese spoken in Val d'Aran, Catalonia, Spain)
  • Languedocien
  • Limousin
  • Provençal

Some of the names (Provençal, Limousin, Gascon) were once used to name the whole language.


  1. Fabrice BERNISSAN (2012). "Combien l'occitan compte de locuteurs en 2012 ?", Revue de Linguistique Romane, 76 (12/2011-07/2012), pp. 467-512
  2. « De fait, le nombre des locuteurs de l’occitan a pu être estimé par l’INED dans un premier temps à 526 000 personnes, puis à 789 000, » ("In fact, the number of occitan speakers was estimated by the French Demographics Institute at 526,000 people, then 789,000") Philippe Martel, "Qui parle occitan ?" in Langues et cité n°10, December 2007.
  3. CLO's statements in Lingüistica Occitana (online review of Occitan linguistics).Script error: No such module "Category handler".Script error: No such module "Category handler".[dead link]
  4. "Page d'accueil". 
  5. "Reconeishença der Institut d’Estudis Aranesi coma academia e autoritat lingüistica der occitan, aranés en Aran - Conselh Generau d'Aran". 
  6. Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche, Italian parliament, 
  7. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 7th edition, 2005.
  8. Regional pronunciations: occitan = [u(t)siˈtaⁿ, u(t)siˈtɔ, ukʃiˈtɔ].
  9. As stated in its Statute of Autonomy approved. See Article 6.5 in the Archived 26 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine, text of the 2006 Statute of Catalonia (PDF)

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