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Acute radiation syndrome

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Acute radiation syndrome (ARS) also known as radiation poisoning, radiation sickness or radiation toxicity, is a syndrome or group of health effects which occur within months of exposure to high amounts of ionizing radiation.[1][2] The term generally refers to acute (serious, rapid onset) problems rather than ones that develop after a prolonged period.[3][4][5] It is mainly damage to the blood, digestive system, and nervous system.


  1. Donnelly EH, Nemhauser JB, Smith JM, (June 2010). "Acute radiation syndrome: assessment and management". South. Med. J. 103 (6): 541–6. doi:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181ddd571 . PMID 20710137 . 
  2. Xiao M, Whitnall MH (January 2009). "Pharmacological countermeasures for the acute radiation syndrome". Curr Mol Pharmacol 2 (1): 122–33. PMID 20021452 . 
  3. "Acute Radiation Syndrome". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005-05-20. 
  4. (PDF) Acute Radiation Syndrome. National Center for Environmental Health/Radiation Studies Branch. 2002-04-09. Retrieved 2009-06-22 
  5. "Acute Radiation Syndrome: A Fact Sheet for Physicians". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005-03-18.