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# Relative key

When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has the same key signature. It can be found by taking the sixth note of the first scale and playing a minor scale starting on that note. For example: in C major the sixth note is an A. Therefore A minor is the relative minor of C major (C major and A minor share the same key signature: no sharps or flats). C major is called the relative major of A minor.

A complete list of relative minor/major pairs in order of the circle of fifths is:

Key signature Major key Minor key
B$\flat$, E$\flat$, A$\flat$, D$\flat$, G$\flat$, C$\flat$,F$\flat$ C flat major A flat minor
B$\flat$, E$\flat$, A$\flat$, D$\flat$, G$\flat$, C$\flat$ G flat major E flat minor
B$\flat$, E$\flat$, A$\flat$, D$\flat$, G$\flat$ D flat major B flat minor
B$\flat$, E$\flat$, A$\flat$, D$\flat$ A flat major F minor
B$\flat$, E$\flat$, A$\flat$ E flat major C minor
B$\flat$, E$\flat$ B flat major G minor
B$\flat$ F major D minor
C major A minor
F$\sharp$ G major E minor
F$\sharp$, C$\sharp$ D major B minor
F$\sharp$, C$\sharp$, G$\sharp$ A major F sharp minor
F$\sharp$, C$\sharp$, G$\sharp$, D$\sharp$ E major C sharp minor
F$\sharp$, C$\sharp$, G$\sharp$, D$\sharp$, A$\sharp$ B major G sharp minor
F$\sharp$, C$\sharp$, G$\sharp$, D$\sharp$, A$\sharp$, E$\sharp$ F sharp major D sharp minor
F$\sharp$, C$\sharp$, G$\sharp$, D$\sharp$, A$\sharp$, E$\sharp$,B$\sharp$ C sharp major A sharp minor