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Relative key




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When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has the same key signature. It can be found by taking the sixth note of the first scale and playing a minor scale starting on that note. For example: in C major the sixth note is an A. Therefore A minor is the relative minor of C major (C major and A minor share the same key signature: no sharps or flats). C major is called the relative major of A minor.


A complete list of relative minor/major pairs in order of the circle of fifths is:

Key signature Major key Minor key
B[math]\flat[/math], E[math]\flat[/math], A[math]\flat[/math], D[math]\flat[/math], G[math]\flat[/math], C[math]\flat[/math],F[math]\flat[/math] C flat major A flat minor
B[math]\flat[/math], E[math]\flat[/math], A[math]\flat[/math], D[math]\flat[/math], G[math]\flat[/math], C[math]\flat[/math] G flat major E flat minor
B[math]\flat[/math], E[math]\flat[/math], A[math]\flat[/math], D[math]\flat[/math], G[math]\flat[/math] D flat major B flat minor
B[math]\flat[/math], E[math]\flat[/math], A[math]\flat[/math], D[math]\flat[/math] A flat major F minor
B[math]\flat[/math], E[math]\flat[/math], A[math]\flat[/math] E flat major C minor
B[math]\flat[/math], E[math]\flat[/math] B flat major G minor
B[math]\flat[/math] F major D minor
C major A minor
F[math]\sharp[/math] G major E minor
F[math]\sharp[/math], C[math]\sharp[/math] D major B minor
F[math]\sharp[/math], C[math]\sharp[/math], G[math]\sharp[/math] A major F sharp minor
F[math]\sharp[/math], C[math]\sharp[/math], G[math]\sharp[/math], D[math]\sharp[/math] E major C sharp minor
F[math]\sharp[/math], C[math]\sharp[/math], G[math]\sharp[/math], D[math]\sharp[/math], A[math]\sharp[/math] B major G sharp minor
F[math]\sharp[/math], C[math]\sharp[/math], G[math]\sharp[/math], D[math]\sharp[/math], A[math]\sharp[/math], E[math]\sharp[/math] F sharp major D sharp minor
F[math]\sharp[/math], C[math]\sharp[/math], G[math]\sharp[/math], D[math]\sharp[/math], A[math]\sharp[/math], E[math]\sharp[/math],B[math]\sharp[/math] C sharp major A sharp minor

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