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In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin, provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic and, until around 300, largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of the peninsula of Italy. The word province in modern English came from the term used by the Romans.
- Early Imperial Roman provinces, at livius.org
- Loewenstein, Karl (1973). The Governance of Rome. Springer.
- Chris Scarre, "The Eastern Provinces," The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome (London: Penguin Books, 1995), 74-75.