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Semmering railway

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Semmering Railway *
Semmering railway viaduct, around 1900
Criteriaii, iv
Region **Europe
Inscription history
Inscription1998 (22nd Session)
Semmering railway with
surrounding mountain scenery
OwnerAustrian Federal Railways
Operator(s)Austrian Federal Railways
Line length41 km (25.5 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Minimum radius190 m (623 ft)
Electrification15 kV, 16⅔ Hz Overhead line
Maximum incline2.5 %

The Semmering railway is a railway in Austria. It starts at Gloggnitz and leads over the Semmering to Mürzzuschlag. It was the first mountain railway in Europe built with a standard gauge track. It is commonly called the world's first true mountain railway. This is because of the very difficult terrain and the large altitude difference. It is still fully functional as a part of the South railway.

The Semmering railway was built between 1848 and 1854. There were about 20,000 workers. The director was Carl von Ghega. There are 14 tunnels, 16 viaducts and over 100 curved stone bridges as well as 11 small iron bridges.

In 1998 the Semmering railway was added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Coordinates: 47°38′35″N 15°49′52″E / 47.643°N 15.831°E / 47.643; 15.831

This article is about a World Heritage Site