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Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi

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Shahāb al-Dīn Yahya ibn Habash as-Suhrawardī (Persian: شهاب‌الدین سهروردی, also known as Sohrevardi) was a 12th-century Persian[1][2][3] poet, philosopher and Sufi. He was the founder of the Illuminationist philosophy or "Oriental Theosophy", or the Suhrawardi Order of Sufism. He is sometimes also called Sheikh al Maqtul (The Murdered Master/Sage) as he was executed for his beliefs and practices by orthodox Islamic authorities.


  1. Muḥammad Kamāl, Mulla Sadra's Transcendent Philosophy, Ashgate Publishing Inc, 2006,

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 0754652718, p. 12.
  2. R. Izady, Mehrdad (1991). The Kurds: a concise handbook. 
  3. C. E. Butterworth, M. Mahdi, The Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy, Harvard CMES Publishers, 406 pp., 1992,

    Template-specific style sheet:

    ISBN 0932885071 (see p.336)