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The spinning jenny is a multi-spool spinning wheel. It was invented around 1764 by James Hargreaves (c. 1720 – 22 April 1778) in Stanhill, near Blackburn, Lancashire in the northwest of England. The device dramatically reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn. A single worker could work eight or more spools at once.
The spinning jenny was a huge success due to the fact that it could hold more than one ball of yarn, therefore making more clothing materials in a shorter amount of time while reducing the overall cost.
- Baines, Edward 1835. History of the cotton manufacture in Great Britain. London: Fisher, Fisher Jackson.
- Marsden, Richard 1884. Cotton Spinning: its development, principles and practice. London: George Bell and Sons.