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Sustainability means that a process or state can be maintained at a certain level for as long as is wanted.
One definition of sustainability is the one created by the Brundtland Commission, led by the former Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland. The Commission defined sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
Sustainability relates to the connection of economic, social, institutional and environmental aspects of human society, as well as the non-human environment. Sustainability is one of the four Core Concepts behind the 2007 Universal Forum of Cultures.
Notes and References
- United Nations. 1987. "Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development." General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987. Retrieved: 2007-04-12
- Bridge, C. "Universal design impacts housing sustainability: Cost-benefit evidence." The University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences. Retrieved on: July 26, 2007.
- ^ Leone, M. (2005). "The Quest for an Environmental Metric: Gazing at weather systems, a ground-breaking scientist spawned an ecological accounting standard that Wall Street might one day embrace". CFO Publishing. http://www.cfo.com/printable/article.cfm/5300667?f=options.
- ^ Jain, R. (2005). "Sustainability: metrics, specific indicators and preference index". Clean Techn Environ Policy 7: 71-72. http://www.springerlink.com/media/h4d4779uuq0yynfhktb6/contributions/t/2/2/5/t225524055312t88.pdf.
- Allen, Patricia (1993). Food for the Future: Conditions and Contradictions of Sustainability. Wiley.
- AtKisson, A. 1999. Believing Cassandra, An Optimist looks at a Pessimist’s World, Chelsea Green Publishing., White River Junction, VT
- Bartlett, A. 1998. "Reflections on Sustainability, Population Growth, and the Environment—Revisited" revised version (January 1998) of paper first published in Population & Environment, Vol. 16, No. 1, September 1994, pp. 5–35.
- Benyus, J. 1997. Biomimicry: Innovations Inspired by Nature, William Morrow, New York
- Brown, M.T. and Ulgiati, S 1999. Emergy Evaluation of Natural Capital and Biosphere Services, AMBIO, Vol.28, No.6, Sept. 1999.
- Brundtland, G.H. (ed.), (1987), Our common future: The World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
- Costanza, Robert; Graumlich, Lisa; Steffen, William L. (2007). Sustainability Or Collapse?: An Integrated History and Future of People on Earth. MIT Press.
- Dalal-Clayton, B. (1993) Modified Eia And Indicators Of Sustainability: First Steps Towards Sustainability Analysis, Environmental Planning Issues No.1, International Institute For Environment And Development, Environmental Planning Group.
- Daly, Herman E. (1996). Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development. Beacon Press.
- Herman E. Daly; John B. Cobb, Jr., John B. Cobb (1994). For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community, the Environment, and a Sustainable Future. Beacon Press.
- Dean, J. W. (2006). Conservatives Without Conscience. New York: Viking Penguin.
- Ekins, P. (Ed.). (1986). The Living Economy. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
- Hargroves, Karlson; Smith, Michael H. (2005). The Natural Advantage of Nations: Business Opportunities, Innovation, and Governance in the 21st Century. Routledge.
- Hawken, Paul, Lovins, Amory and Lovins, L. H. 1999. Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution, Earthscan, London (Downloadable from www.natcap.org)
- International Institute for Sustainable Development (1996) Global Tomorrow Coalition Sustainable Development Tool Kit: A Sample Policy Framework, Chapter 4.
- Jarzombek, Mark. "Sustainability—Architecture: between Fuzzy Systems and Wicked Problems," Blueprints 21/1 (Winter 2003), pp. 6–9; and LOG 8 (Summer 206) 7-13.
- Kriegman, O. 2006. Dawn of the Cosmopolitan: The Hope of a Global Citizens Movement. Boston: Tellus Institute.
- Lane, R. E. (1991). The Market Experience. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Marks, N., Simms, A., Thompson, S., and Abdallah, S. (2006).The (Un)happy Planet Index. London: New Economics Foundation. Downloadable from www.neweconomics.org
- McDonough, W. & Braungart, M. (2002). Cradle to Cradle. North Point Press
- Nelson, E. H. (1986). New Values and Attitudes Throughout Europe. Epsom, England: Taylor-Nelson.
- Rajan, C. 2006. Global Politics and Institutions. Boston: Tellus Institute.
- Raskin, P., Banuri, T., Gallopin, G., Gutman, P., Hammond, A., Kates, R., and Swart, R. 2002. Great Transition: The Promise and Lure of the Times Ahead. Boston: Tellus Institute.
- Raven, J. (1995). The New Wealth of Nations: A New Enquiry into the Nature and Origins of the Wealth of Nations and the Societal Learning Arrangements Needed for a Sustainable Society. Unionville, New York: Royal Fireworks Press; Sudbury, Suffolk: Bloomfield Books.
- Richardson, B.J. and Wood, S. (eds) (2006). Environmental Law for Sustainability: A Reader, Hart Publishing, Oxford.
- Robèrt, Karl-Henrik. (2002). The Natural Step Story: Seeding a Quiet Revolution. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.
- Shah, H., & Marks, N. (2004). A Well-being Manifesto for a Flourishing Society. London: New Economics Foundation.
- Sinclair, Fiona, D. (2007). "What is Sustainability"
- Steffen, Alex (2006). Worldchanging: A User's Guide to the 21st Century. Abrams, New York.
- Trainer, F. E. (Ed.). (1990). A rejection of the Bruntland Report. International Foundation for the Development of Alternatives Dossier, 77, May-June, 71-85.
- Unruh, G. (2000). Understanding Carbon Lock-in, Energy Policy, Volume 28, Issue 12, October, 817–830.
- Unruh, G. (2002). Escaping Carbon Lock-in, Energy Policy, Volume 30, Issue 4, March, 317-325.
- Yankelovitch, D., Zetterberg, H., Strumpel, B., Shanks, M., et al. (1983). Work and Human Values. New York: Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies.
- Young, Lincoln; Hampshire, Jonathan (2000). Promoting Practical Sustainability.
- Sustainability | Definition of Sustainability at Dictionary.com
- Encyclopedia of Earth: Sustainability
- (ISC) The Institute for Sustainable Communication—Dedicated to raising awareness and capacity for the sustainable use of print and other communication media.
- Grant Thornton International Business Report Energy & Environment focus
- Worldchanging—the (award-winning) largest sustainability blog in the world.
- Choosing Green—video portal featuring content on sustainable building and architecture.
- Inside Green Business—A leading trade publication providing news and analysis on sustainability and the greening of industry.
- SustainLane US City Rankings A flyover tour and comparative sustainability ranking of the 50 largest US cities.
- SustainLane Government Urban sustainability "best practices" database (public) and peer network (private; government practitioners).
- Appropedia, an active wiki on sustainability, appropriate technology and international development.
- interrupcion*—A community of organizations and individuals working together to promote sustainability, social responsibility.
- Decision Theater—Helping policy makers to address sustainability issues through visualization, simulation and collaboration.
- Foundation for Sustainable Development—Sustainable Solutions for the Developing World.
- SustainUS The U.S. Youth Network for Sustainable Development
- Green Progress—Green building and sustainable development news.
- One Planet Living
- WWW—Virtual Library—sustainable development—links.
- iNSnet—Portal site for sustainable development.
- Sustainability Now—Many references on Sustainability—from an engineering perspective.
- Self Help Development International SHDI is an Irish agency engaged in promoting long term sustainable development projects in Africa.
- Sustainable Living Foundation
- Sustainability reports portal—for downloading or ordering Sustainability reports
- Sustainability news coverage—from American Public Media.
- A series of articles on college sustainability programs in The Chronicle of Higher Education
- Marion Institute Dedicated to promoting innovative, practical and replicable solutions to a wide range of environmental and social-justice challenges at the root-cause level.
- "The Next Green Revolution" article on sustainability in Wired Magazine.
- Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy—ejournal.nbii.org: a peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides a platform for the dissemination of new practices and for dialogue emerging out of the field of sustainability.