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Tocharian B manuscript, c. 7th century AD
|Native to||Agni, Kucha, Turfan and Krorän|
|Extinct||9th century AD|
Agnean (Tocharian A)
Kuchean (Tocharian B)
Kroränian (Tocharian C)
xto – Tocharian A
txb – Tocharian B
|Linguist List||xto Tocharian A|
|txb Tocharian B|
The Tocharian languages were a branch of the Indo-European languages. They are now extinct. They were spoken on the northern side of the Tarim Basin (now in Xinjiang, China). Writing was found from around the 5th century to the 8th century AD. There were three known languages in the branch, named A, B and C.
- Mallory, J.P. (2010). "Bronze Age languages of the Tarim Basin". Expedition 52 (3): 44–53. http://penn.museum/documents/publications/expedition/PDFs/52-3/mallory.pdf.
- Krause, Todd B.; Slocum, Jonathan. "Tocharian Online: Series Introduction". University of Texas at Austin. https://lrc.la.utexas.edu/eieol/tokol.
- Mallory, J.P.; Adams, Douglas Q., eds. (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 509. .
- Adams, Douglas Q.. "'Tocharian C' Again: The Plot Thickens and the Mystery Deepens". https://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=44503. Retrieved 25 September 2019.