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Urartu (Assyrian Urarṭu, Urartian Biainili) was an ancient kingdom in Armenia.[1] It was in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). The kingdom existed from ca. 860 BC, emerging from Late Bronze Age Nairi polities, until 585 BC. The name corresponds to the Biblical Ararat.

Urartu extended from Lake Van southeastward to Mannai, and sometimes even included that land as one of its provinces.[2]

Other pages


  1. "Urartu." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Columbia University Press.
  2. Researches in Assyrian and Babylonian Geography - Page 35 by Olaf Alfred Toffteen