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West Azarbaijan Province

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استان آذربایجان غربی
Map of Iran with West Azerbaijan highlighted
Location of West Azerbaijan within Iran
Country  Iran
Capital Urmia
Counties 17
 • Total 37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi)
 • Total 2,949,426
 • Density 78.7837/km2 (204.0489/sq mi)

West Azarbaijan or West Azerbaijan (Persian: آذربایجان غربی Āzarbāijān-e Gharbī; Kurdish: Azerbaycanî Rojawa; Azeri: Qərbi Azərbaycan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran.

The province of West Azarbaijan covers an area of 39,487 km² (or 43,660 km² including Lake Urmia). The capital city of the province is Urmia.


  1. "Geography: Turkic-speaking Groups" Iran: A Country Study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, (2008)
  2. Minahan, James (2002) Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z (Volume 4 of Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World) Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport, Connecticut, page 1765, ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3
  3. Price, Glanville (editor) (2000) Encyclopedia of the languages of Europe Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, England, page 21, ISBN 978-0-631-22039-8
  4. Shaffer, Brenda (2002) Borders and brethren: Iran and the challenge of Azerbaijani identity, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, page 1, ISBN 978-0-262-69277-9
  5. McLachlan, Keith Stanley (1994) The Boundaries of Modern Iran UCL Press, London, page 55, ISBN 978-1-85728-125-5
  6. Khanam, R. (2005) Encyclopaedic Ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia: A-I (Volume 1) Global Vision Publishing, Delhi, India, page 69, ISBN 81-8220-063-6
  7. Anderson, Bridget et al. (1997) World Directory of Minorities (2nd edition) Minority Rights Group International, London, page 338, ISBN 978-1-873194-36-2

Other websites

Media related to West Azerbaijan province at Wikimedia Commons