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Xerxes I
King of Persia and Media
Great King
King of Kings
King of Nations
Pharaoh of Egypt
Xerxes Image.png
Rock relief of Xerxes at his tomb in Naqsh-e Rustam
Reign486–465 BC
CoronationOctober 486 BC
Born519 BC
DiedAugust 465 BC (aged 53 or 54)
Place of deathPersia
PredecessorDarius I
SuccessorArtaxerxes I
Consort toAmestris, (disputed: Vashti and Queen Esther)
Artaxerxes I
FatherDarius I
Religious beliefsZoroastrianism[1]

Xerxes the Great was a Shah of Iran (485–465 BC) of Achaemenid Empire. Xerxes was son of Darius I and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great. After Darius died, Xerxes became the Shah of Iran. At the Battle of Thermopylae, Xerxes defeated Greek warriors. After winning at Thermopylae, Xerxes then took control of Athens with his army. Finally, Greek warriors won the Battle of Salamis against Xerxes in 480 BC.

The movie 300 is based on Xerxes.


  1. Xerxes made human sacrifice. See Boyce, Mary (1989). A History of Zoroastrianism: The early period, p. 141.

Ancient sources

Other websites

Media related to Xerxes I at Wikimedia Commons

Born: 519 BC Died: 465 BC
Preceded by
Darius I
King of Kings of Persia
485 BC – 465 BC
Succeeded by
Artaxerxes I
Pharaoh of Egypt
485 BC – 465 BC