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2012 Atlantic hurricane season




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2012 Atlantic hurricane season
Season summary map
First storm formed May 19, 2012
Last storm dissipated October 29, 2012
Strongest storm Sandy – 940 mbar (hPa) (27.77 inHg), 115 mph (185 km/h)
Total depressions 19
Total storms 19
Hurricanes 10
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 2
Total fatalities about 400 total
Total damage > $65000000 billion (2012 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, Post-2013
Related article

The 2012 Atlantic hurricane season was an above average season in terms of ACE and damage but most storms were week and short lived. It was theevent that occurs when tropical cyclones develop in the Atlantic basin. The season began when Tropical Storm Alberto formed on May 19, 2012. Four days later, Tropical Storm Beryl developed. It became a subtropical storm and on May 27, was upgraded to a tropical storm. This is the first time since the 1908 Atlantic hurricane season that two storms formed before the official start date. The 2012 Atlantic hurricane season began on June 1 and ended on November 30, 2012. There were no storms formed in the month of July.

Storms

Tropical Storm Alberto

Tropical Storm Alberto formed on May 19, 2012. It became an "early season storm" because it formed before the official start of the season. Tropical Storm Alberto dissipated on May 22 without making landfall.[1] Its maximun sustatined winds were at 60 miles per hour.[2]

Tropical Storm Beryl

Tropical Storm Beryl developed. It became a subtropical storm and on May 27, was upgraded to a tropical storm.[3] It hit Jacksonville, Florida.

Hurricane Chris

Hurricane Chris was the third tropical system. It formed on June 19. It was also the first hurricane of the season, unexpectedly becoming one. It was in an unfavorable environment, with cool sea waters and moderate vertical wind shear. Chris, after weakening from a hurricane, became a non-tropical cyclone southeast of Newfoundland on June 22.

Tropical Storm Debby

This system became the record earliest 4th storm, which was broken in 2012. The storm made landfall in Florida, and caused bad flooding. Ten people died.

Timeline of events

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Storm names

The following names were used for named storms in the North Atlantic in 2012. The names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2018 season. This is the same list used in the 2006 season. The names Kirk, Oscar, Patty, Rafael, Sandy, and Tony were used for Atlantic storms for the first time in 2012.[4] Kirk replaced Keith after 2000, but was not used in 2006.[5]

  • Alberto
  • Beryl
  • Chris
  • Debby
  • Ernesto
  • Florence
  • Gordon
  • Helene
  • Issac
  • Joyce
  • Kirk
  • Leslie
  • Michael
  • Nadine
  • Oscar
  • Patty
  • Rafael
  • Sandy
  • Tony
  • Valerie (unused)
  • William (unused)

Retirement

On April 11, 2013 the name "Sandy" was retired due to the damage and deaths it caused. Sandy was replaced with "Sara" for the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season.[5]

References

  1. Richard Pasch (May 22, 2012). "Tropical Storm Alberto Discussion Number 12". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2012/al01/al012012.discus.012.shtml?. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  2. Eric Blake and James Franklin (May 19, 2012). "Tropical Storm Alberto Tropical Cyclone Update". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2012/al01/al012012.update.05192249.shtml?. Retrieved May 20, 2012. 
  3. Todd Kimberlain (2012-05-26) Subtropical Storm Beryl Discussion One . National Hurricane Center. Report. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  4. Gregg Burrage (May 22, 2012). 2012 Atlantic hurricane season tropical storm names. Tampa, Florida. http://www.abcactionnews.com/dpp/weather/hurricane/hurricane_guide/2012-atlantic-hurricane-season-tropical-storm-names. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 (April 11, 2013) Tropical Cyclone Naming History and Retired Names . Miami, Florida: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Report. Retrieved on April 22, 2013.

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