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Advance Australia Fair




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The National Anthem booth at the 2005 Floriade, Canberra - on the J. Verbeeck fairground organ.

Advance Australia Fair is the official national anthem of Australia.

Peter Dodds McCormick (c. 1834–1916) wrote the music and the words for the song. It was first performed in 1878, but it only became Australia's official anthem in 1984.[1][2][3]

Between 1878 and 1984, the song was used inside of Australia as a patriotic song. For a time the song announced the news from the Australian Broadcasting Commission. When Australia became a Federation in 1901, the song was sung by a choir of 10,000 people.

In 1977 there was a vote for the national anthem between four songs during the 1977 Australian referendum.[4] The other three songs were:

Advance Australia Fair received 43.29% of the vote, defeating the three alternatives: Waltzing Matilda (28.28%), Song of Australia (9.65%), and the existing national anthem God Save the Queen (18.78%). However, it was not until 1984 that the national anthem was changed to reflect the popular vote.[5]

Other songs and marches have been influenced by Advance Australia Fair, such as the Australian Vice-Regal salute.

Lyrics

Original English words
Pronunciation of the words with an Australian accent
(IPA transcription)

Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are young and free;
We've golden soil and wealth for toil;
Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in nature's gifts
Of beauty rich and rare;
In history's page, let every stage
Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.

Beneath our radiant Southern Cross
We'll toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours
Renowned of all the lands;
For those who've come across the seas
We've boundless plains to share;
With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.[6]

[əˈstɹæɪ̯ɫjənz oːɫ ɫet ɐs ɹɪˈd͡ʒoɪ̯s]
[foː(ɹ) wɪi̯ ɐː(ɹ) jɐŋ æːnd fɹɪi̯]
[wɪi̯v ˈgɐʉ̯ɫdən soɪ̯ɫ æːnd weɫθ foː(ɹ) tʰoɪ̯ɫ]
[ˈæɔ̯(ɹ) hɐʉ̯m ɪz gɵː(ɹ)t bɑe̯ sɪi̯]
[ˈæɔ̯(ɹ) ɫæːnd əˈbæɔ̯ndz ɪn ˈnæɪ̯t͡ʃə(ɹ)z gɪfts]
[ɐv ˈbjʉːtɪi̯ ɹɪt͡ʃ æːnd ɹeː(ɹ)]
[ɪn ˈhɪstəɹɪi̯z pʰæɪ̯d͡ʒ, ɫet ˈev(ə)ɹɪi̯ stæɪ̯d͡ʒ]
[ədˈvæːns əˈstɹæɪ̯ɫjə feː(ɹ)]
[ɪn ˈd͡ʒoɪ̯fəɫ stɹæɪ̯nz ðen ɫet ɐs sɪŋ]
[ədˈvæːns əˈstɹæɪ̯ɫjə feː(ɹ)]

[bɪˈnɪi̯θ ˈæɔ̯(ɹ) ˈɹæɪ̯djənt ˈsɐðə(ɹ)n kɹɔs]
[wɪi̯ɫ tʰoɪ̯ɫ wɪð hɐː(ɹ)ts æːnd hæːndz]
[tʰʉː mæɪ̯k ðɪs ˈkʰɔmənˌweɫθ ɐv ˈæɔ̯(ɹ)z]
[ɹɪˈnæɔ̯nd ɐv oːɫ ðə ɫæːndz]
[foː(ɹ) ðɐʉ̯z hʉːv kʰɐm əˈkɹɔs ðə sɪi̯z]
[wɪi̯v ˈbæɔ̯ndɫəs pɫæɪ̯nz tʰʉː ʃeː(ɹ)]
[wɪð ˈkʰɵːɹəd͡ʒ ɫet ɐs oːɫ ˈkʰɔmbɑe̯n]
[tʰʉː ədˈvæːns əˈstɹæɪ̯ɫjə feː(ɹ)]
[ɪn ˈd͡ʒoɪ̯fəɫ stɹæɪ̯nz ðen ɫet ɐs sɪŋ]
[ədˈvæːns əˈstɹæɪ̯ɫjə feː(ɹ)]

Sound file

References

  1. News of the Day. 5 December 1878. p. 5. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13425798. Retrieved 30 May 2020. 
  2. Advertising. 27 November 1878. p. 2. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13422200. Retrieved 30 May 2020. 
  3. Template:Cite AuDB
  4. Electoral Pocketbook (includes 2004 federal election results) (June 2005) Media and Communication Section. Australian Electoral Commission. Kingston, ACT.ISBN 0-9752279-7-1.
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20080205110200/http://www.aph.gov.au/library/elect/referend/pleb.htm Plebiscite results: National Song Poll. Parliament of Australia. 30 June 2002. Retrieved 13 February 2008.
  6. https://web.archive.org/web/20071023080802/http://www.dfat.gov.au/facts/nat_anthem.html