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|DeutschLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.|
|Native to||Primarily German-speaking Europe, also in the worldwide German-speaking diaspora|
|Native speakers||90 million (2010) to 95 million (2014)|
L2 speakers: 10–15 million (2014)
|Writing system||Latin (German alphabet)|
|Official language in|
Several international institutions
|Recognised minority language in|
|Regulated by||No official regulation |
(German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography).
|ISO 639-2||ger (B)|
deu – German
gmh – Middle High German
goh – Old High German
gct – Colonia Tovar German
bar – Bavarian
cim – Cimbrian
geh – Hutterite German
ksh – Kölsch
nds – Low German[a]
sli – Lower Silesian
ltz – Luxembourgish[b]
vmf – Mainfränkisch
mhn – Mócheno
pfl – Palatinate German
pdc – Pennsylvania German
pdt – Plautdietsch[c]
swg – Swabian German
gsw – Swiss German
uln – Unserdeutsch
sxu – Upper Saxon
wae – Walser German
wep – Westphalian
hrx – Riograndenser Hunsrückisch
yec – Yenish
(Co-)Official and majority language
Co-official, but not majority language Statutory minority/cultural languageNon-statutory minority language
German (German: Deutsch) is a West Germanic language. It is spoken in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Luxembourg; natively by around 100 million people. It is the most widely spoken mother tongue in the first language. There are some people who speak German in Belgium and in the Netherlands and in France and Northern Italy. There are people who speak German in many countries, including the United States and Canada, where many people emigrated from Germany. It also spoken in Eastern Europe, Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia.
German is a part of the West Germanic language family and is much like English and Dutch. Much of the vocabulary in German is related to English, but the grammar is more complicated.
German has a system of cases, and when helping verbs are used, the main part of the verb must be moved to the end of the sentence. For example, "Someone has stolen my car" is Jemand hat mein Auto gestohlen ("Someone has my car stolen"), and "Someone called me last night" is Jemand hat mich letzte Nacht angerufen ("Someone has me last night called").
In writing, every noun must start with a capital letter. German is the only language that still has that rule, but Danish and English did so a long time ago.
Standard German is an official language in Switzerland, but the Swiss dialect of German is difficult to understand for native speakers from Germany and even for Swiss who are not native to speaking German. One reason that the dialects are still so different today is that even if Switzerland adopted Standard German, mostly as a written standard, German Swiss in World War II wanted to separate themselves from the Nazis by choosing to speak dialect over the Standard German.
Swiss German also has some differences in spelling, for example, the letter ß, which is used only in German, is replaced by ss.
- Bavarian dialect
- Franconian Dialect
- Low Saxon
- Swiss dialect
- Mannheimerisch dialect
- Palatinate German
- ↑ Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2010" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2010), in Nationalencyklopedin
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ammon, Ulrich (November 2014). "Die Stellung der deutschen Sprache in der Welt" (in German). Berlin, Germany: de Gruyter. . https://books.google.com/books?id=vPvmBQAAQBAJ. Retrieved 24 July 2015. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.[page needed]
- ↑ "Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung – Über den Rat". Rechtschreibrat.ids-mannheim.de. http://rechtschreibrat.ids-mannheim.de/rat/. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
- ↑ "Languages of Switzerland". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7p8GgX_hWyA.
|This language has its own Wikipedia project. See the German language edition.|
- Online German Language Course An online German language course that includes lessons covering pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar.
- German phrasebook at Wikivoyage
- Learn to Speak German Archived 2013-06-08 at the Wayback Machine Student Resource
- Free German Language Course Archived 2013-02-17 at the Wayback Machine
- German Thesaurus