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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Coat of arms of Luxembourg
Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: Ons Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

File:Luxembourg National Anthem.ogg

Royal anthemDe Wilhelmus 1
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
49°36′N 6°7′E / 49.6°N 6.117°E / 49.6; 6.117
Official languages Luxembourgish
Demonym Luxembourgers
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
 -  Grand Duke Henri (List)
 -  Prime Minister Xavier Bettel (List)
Legislature Chamber of Deputies
 -  From French empire (Treaty of Paris) 9 June 1815 
 -  1st Treaty of London 19 April 1839 
 -  2nd Treaty of London 11 May 1867 
 -  End of personal union 23 November 1890 
 -  Total 2,586.4 km2 (175th)
998.6 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.60%
 -  2011 estimate 511,840[1] (170th)
 -  2001 census 439,539
 -  Density 194.1/km2 (67th)
501.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $41.221 billion[2] (94th)
 -  Per capita $80,119[2] (2nd)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $58.412 billion[2] (69th)
 -  Per capita $113,533[2] (1st)
HDI (2011)Increase 0.867[3]
very high · 25th
Currency Euro ()2 (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 352
Internet TLD .lu3
1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
2. Before 1999: Luxembourgish franc.
3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe; its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg). It is a small country. It was one of the first countries in the European Union. It is also a member of the Benelux. The countries next to Luxembourg are Belgium, Germany, and France. Its population is 442,972.



Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy lead by a constitutional monarch. Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is in the hands of the Governor and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.

Districts, cantons, and communes

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts, which are further divided into 12 cantons and then 116 communes. Twelve of the communes have city status, of which the city of Luxembourg is the largest.


The districts are

  1. Diekirch
  2. Grevenmacher
  3. Luxembourg

Other pages


  1. "Population: 511 840 habitants au 1er janvier 2011", Le Portail des statistiques: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 3 May 2011. (French) Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Luxembourg". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  3. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.