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Luxembourg / Lëtzebuerg / Luxemburg
Map showing, in orange, Luxembourg
|• Mayor||Lydie Polfer (DP)|
|• Total||51.7 km2 (20.0 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||408 m (1,339 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||232 m (761 ft)|
|• Density||2,074.4/km2 (5,373/sq mi)|
The city of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, French: Luxembourg, German: Luxemburg), also known as Luxembourg City (Luxembourgish: Stad Lëtzebuerg, French: Ville de Luxembourg, German: Stadt Luxemburg), is a commune with city status, and the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The city is at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers in southern Luxembourg. In the city is found the Luxembourg Castle, built by the Franks in the Early Middle Ages, around which a settlement developed.
During the Roman period, two main roads crossed the territory of the present city of Luxembourg; these two roads met at the place Marché-aux-Poissons (now a street and a neighborhood) dominated by a fortified tower. A castle was built here and it was called Lucilinburhuc ("small castle"). In 963, this place became a property of Siegfried I, a close relative of the Emperors of Germany and Kings of France. Siegfried built a castle, not far from the "Lucilinburhuc" castle, on a rocky cliff called the Bock (Luxembourgish: Bockfiels). This place is now considered the birthplace of the city, the country and the nation.
The city of Luxembourg has an area of 51.73 km2 (20.0 sq mi), about 2% of the territory of the whole country. The altitude varies between 232 m (761 ft) high (Beggen, Bastogne street) and 408 m (1,339 ft) high (Dommeldange); it is 304 m (997 ft) high at the centre of the city.
- Camden, United Kingdom, since 2007
- Metz, France,
- Tambov, Russia, since 2012
- Prague, Czech Republic, since 2012
- "Population by canton and municipality 1821 - 2014". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. http://www.statistiques.public.lu/stat/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=397&IF_Language=eng&MainTheme=2&FldrName=1. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Histoire de la ville" (in French). Ville de Luxembourg. http://www.vdl.lu/La+Ville/Histoire+de+la+ville.html. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "La ville en chiffres" (in French). Ville de Luxembourg. http://www.vdl.lu/La+Ville/La+ville+en+chiffres.html. Retrieved 5 May 2014.